Physician Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia Essay

Physician Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia Essay

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Over the past decades, the right to die or the death with dignity movement has gathered a lot of disagreement surrounding our legal system, moral values, and public policy. “Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia have been profound ethical issues confronting doctors since the birth of western medicine, more than 2,000 years ago” (Emanuel). Thus, how we end our lives has become one of the most challenging and controversial questions of our time. For instance, the argument of legalizing euthanasia centers on the magnitude of suffering and autonomy of the patient. On the other hand, those who argue against it, center on the issue that it will put people at risk, affecting the values of our society over time.
The current efforts to make mercy killing permitted by law are placing our society at an important turning point. The essence of the euthanasia controversy is the tension between the values of life and individual liberty. “The belief that there is an important moral difference between active and passive euthanasia is illustrated by a number of studies that suggest that individuals are significantly accepting more acts of euthanasia if they are presented as passive in nature as opposed to active” (Ho 26). Individuals have the right to request euthanasia, physicians have the duty to administrate euthanasia and in some radical approaches, individuals have not only the freedom but even a moral duty to request euthanasia in situations where the suffering is unbearable, and the quality of life too low.
Supporters of euthanasia state that everyone should have the same degree of control in choosing the circumstances surrounding their death as they do in choosing the manner in which they live (Ebrahimi 74). Therefore, the primary con...


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...en an individual is facing a terminal illness, he/she expresses the preference to die sooner rather than later because all the contemplation of life issues leads them to be depressed.
The discussion over assisted suicide or euthanasia raises strong emotions on both sides of the discussion. Such an understanding of the backgrounds, mechanisms and strategies of the arguments on euthanasia contributes significantly to a meaningful and respectful discussion of the controversial issue of euthanasia, which will surely continue into the coming decades. Convincing reasons are found for both viewpoints, but there is no convincing evidence that the answer is affirmative in legalizing euthanasia. Surely is that there are important challenges in providing better end-of-life care, and these include providing better mental health care, home care, and spiritual care (Emanuel 642).

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