Research has shown that obesity has increased over the last 20 years in Australian children aged 7-16 years. Poor nutrition and lack of physical activity is seen as the leading cause, (NSW Health/SPANS, 2006).
Children who are overweight or obese are likely to suffer serious social and behavioral issues (i.e. bullied and teased at school), as well as poor fitness
levels, body image issues, increased prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, heat intolerance, breathlessness on exertion, tiredness, flat feet and sleep problems leading to academic difficulties, (Covic et al, 2007). Several studies have also suggested that cardiovascular risk factors and lifestyle behaviours track from childhood and adolescence to adulthood, (Shilton & Naughton, 2001).
Regular physical activity in middle childhood produces a positive effect on all stages of their development. Physical exercise helps to build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints, improve posture, balance and flexibility, enhance coordination skills as well as develop efficient heart and lung functioning. It also benefits a child’s social skills,...
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... Strategies (4-7), 2007. ISBN-13 978 0 7307 4208 1. Retrieved from http://www.det.wa.edu.au/curriculumsupport/physicalactivity/detcms/navigation/teaching-and-learning-support/fundamental-game-strategies--4-7-/?page=2&tab=Main#toc2
Western Australia. Department of Education and Training, Curriculum Framework: Learning Statement for Health and Physical Education, NEW Choose Active Transport Resource. March 2011. Retrieved from http://www.det.wa.edu.au/curriculumsupport/physicalactivity/detcms/navigation/teaching-and-learning-support/choose-active-transport--k-7-/?oid=NewsItem-id-11402352
World Health Organization, (2011). Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. Physical Activity and Young People. Recommended levels of physical activity for children aged 5 - 17 years. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_young_people/en/
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