Phobias: The Cause, the Effect and the Solution
Phobias that happen during early childhood can lead to social anxieties and to certain life changing disorders. Phobia, by definition is an extremely strong dislike or fear of someone or something. However it is not just a dislike, it is a factor that can rule someone's entire life. The individual that suffers from this disorder commits great lengths to avoid the object. If unavoidable the individual with go through the situation with great distress. There are two terms that cover all of the phobias: Specific Phobias, which cover specific fears such as arachnophobia, and social phobias that cover such fears as xenophobia, fear of the unfamiliar, overlap with several others. There are many things we don't know about why people develop certain fears but we do know how to help them.
The direct cause of a phobia is still a mystery, although one of the many hypothesized ideas is that genetics have a part. "Studies show that twins who are raised separately have a higher than average chance of developing similar phobias" (1). Interestingly, babies that are not identical are less likely to show signs of phobias for the same object. David Rakison of Carnegie Mellon University made an experiment to see if Arachnophobia was a phobia given from birth. He gave five-month-old babies pictures of images that represented spiders. He also showed them photos of scrambled images. David found that the babies spent 24 seconds looking at the spiders, but skipped over the others. Similarly, there are ideas that phobias relate back to ancient human survival. "In prehistoric environments, remaining in wide open spaces would have increased the risk of being attacked and eaten by predatory animals" (2). ...
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... who suffers from a phobia decide to avoid it all their life, they'll never learn that they can overcome it. Exposure is an effective way by constantly exposing yourself to the fear, in a limited but beneficial way. As a result, The self-treatment causes the fear to become less and less of a problem.
Phobias, are complex and interesting disorders, that we do not know a whole lot about. Unfortunatly they can become so overwhelming that they can change people's lives. They can lead to social anxieties and certain social disorders. The individual that suffers from this disorder commits great lengths to avoid the object. If unavoidable the individual with go through the situation with great distress. By definition, phobias are an extremely strong dislike or fear of someone or something. We may not know a ton about where they come from but we do know how to stop them.
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