One of the characteristics of a phobia is a feeling that is greater than the fear of a situation or object with an exaggeration of the danger associated with the said situation or even object. This persistent fear often leads to an anxiety disorder that leads an individual to develop mechanisms that ensure one avoids the object or situation that triggers the occurrence of the phobia. Phobias can have highly debilitating effects on an individual including the development of depression, isolation, substance abuse, and even suicide. Many people take phobia for granted however, it is clear that it has the potential to impair the quality of life for both the affected and the people around them. The fact that many of the phobias are manageable using either medicine or psychotherapy presents a beacon of hope for the many people that suffer from this debilitating condition in silence.
A phobia is a great fear of something that does not pose any potential harm to an individual. Phobias cause some form of anxiety disorder, which presents itself in the form of a persistent fear and the subsequent introduction of mechanism to ensure that one avoids a particular object or even a situation that causes the aforementioned anxiety (American Psychiatric Association, 2015). Most phobias are for instance associated with causing a danger, which is in actual sense very disproportionate and irrational to the affected individual. The outcome is a very high level of distress for the affected, which further leads to a failure carry out various occupations or even introducing debilitation associated with the fear of something occurring if one goes ahead and practices a particular social activity (Randi and Irena, 2015). It is important to under...
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...bia, the doctor can help determine the actual phobia and therefore help develop a medication strategy that will aid in the reduction of anxiety and consequently aid in the management of the reaction to the triggers for the phobia. Management can take the form of medication where antidepressants, beta-blockers, and sedatives are often in use either in isolation or in combination to manage the situation (Bourne, 2011). Psychotherapy using cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure therapy techniques is also in use as a method of managing diverse phobias.
American Psychiatric Association. (2015). Phobias. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatry.org/phobias
Bourne, E. J. (2011). The Anxiety & Phobia Workbook (5th Ed). California: New Harbinger Publications.
Randi, E. M., and Irena, M. (2015). Phobias: The Psychology of Irrational Fear. California: Greenwood.
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