In Locke’s state of nature, men exist in a “state of perfect freedom” over their actions, possessions, and persons, within the law of nature (Locke 269). They do not depend on other men for anything. This complete intellectual and physical freedom is a natural state, but is not a perfect state. Locke acknowledges that full freedom, without a government to moderate it, doe...
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...that must thereby emerge. Hobbes successfully defends that economic inequality is simultaneously a consequence of his definitions and a cause for the commonwealth. He does support that economic inequality is moral assuming the existence of money and market exchange. His views of original appropriation are not contested by this inequality, but rather developed and made relevant. Locke never requires original appropriation to be equal; he simply requires that each man gets what he needs to survive and that nothing is wasted. The more profound result of the system Locke describes is the ability of man to increase efficiency and productivity as a result of this inequality. Any inequality is a result of some men being more productive than others. Locke derives property directly from the state of nature to explain how its inequality is unavoidable and not harmful.
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