Moral objectivism claims that there are fixed moral facts in the world. In other words,moral facts exist as truth that need to be discover. Shafer-Landau endorses moral objectivism in his book. He argues for moral objectivism based on two main points. First, moral objectivism is tolerant and open-minded. Since there is a basic standard that can be compa...
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... they are social norms. Both of them have some valuable points, yet the arguments are inconsistent.
The main reasoning for moral subjectivism and relativism is the idea of moral is defined by personal or social structure. In other words, both of subjectivism and relativism believes that moral standards are man-made. We human beings invented moral codes to guide our behavior. On one hand, all the moral codes are suppose to apply to humans, not animals or plants. We are not expect any other species other than us to understand and apply them. As a result, saying that moral codes are human-made makes sense. On the other hand, different people or culture have different moral standards, and the disagreement of morality issues will always exists. Any specific circumstance may change the way people thinks, and solving the problems by going with social norm is a good option.
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