Essay on The Philosophical Study Of Morality

Essay on The Philosophical Study Of Morality

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A system of rules is organized by an association of people to establish a society. These rules enhance the lives of the people to organize as a community and progress. One of these rules is the rule of conduct: which ought the people to do or ought not to do depends on the situation. These rules constitute a phenomenon of Morality. The philosophical study of morality is an ethical principle where conduct is rationally and systematically analyzed for the benefit or harm to other people. The predominant focus of ethics is based on the voluntary and moral choices of the people. In the past, philosophers proposed many ethical theories. The ethical theory which fails to enable the user to make persuasive arguments in front of the diverse audience is a non-working theory. On the contrary, one which examines the moral problems with logic and reasoning and helps the user reach and defend the conclusions in front of diverse audience constitutes a useful working theory. The useful working theories are: Kantianism, Act Utilitarianism, Rule Utilitarianism, and Social Contract Theory.
The first useful working ethical theory, Kantianism, is named after German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who lived in 1724-1804. According to Kant, the only thing that is good is good will; moreover, good will builds the whole structure of a society. Kantianism is based on the intent of the action or a person’s intention, which are the predominant attributes of good will. The basic principle of Kantianism theory depicts the idea of universal truths. It explains that a moral rule must be universal and it should treat people with respect. Moreover, it explains the credibility of an action, why it is right or wrong, and convinces the user with logical reason...


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...is nothing wrong with him using the information for his nephew’s benefit. On the other hand, if people have the right to expect their information to be confidential, we may conclude that Jean was wrong to misuse the information without gaining the permission of the other people. Social Contract theory provides a logical explanation of why it is morally unacceptable to use information of other people for one’s own advantage. The question arises, “If everyone has a right to liberty, how can we prevent the misuse of other people’s information?” The social contract is based on the notion that everyone benefits when everyone bears the burden of following certain rules and laws. Since in the case of Jean, he does not have the right to misuse his responsibilities of job, his action is ethically wrong. And so, according to social contract theory, his action is unjustified.

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Essay on The Philosophical Study Of Morality

- A system of rules is organized by an association of people to establish a society. These rules enhance the lives of the people to organize as a community and progress. One of these rules is the rule of conduct: which ought the people to do or ought not to do depends on the situation. These rules constitute a phenomenon of Morality. The philosophical study of morality is an ethical principle where conduct is rationally and systematically analyzed for the benefit or harm to other people. The predominant focus of ethics is based on the voluntary and moral choices of the people....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Utilitarianism]

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