Peru and Why They Are Number One

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Peru and Why They Are Number One The trafficking of illegal drugs is nothing new, yet most governments have not found a successful way to halt the production and distribution of these drugs. These drugs include cannabis, cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine which are widely known and used every day. The drug trade is the third largest in the world, valued at around $300-400 billion by the United Nations. Cannabis remains the most widely produced, trafficked and abused illicit substance in the world, with 147 million people using it, equally to about 2.5% of the world’s population; it is being produced in practically every country. But, second to cannabis and equally as important is cocaine. Traditionally coca leaves have been chewed by the people residing in the Andean countries of South America for thousands of years, to produce a mild, stimulating feeling. It is said to help with the effects of high altitude and with digestion. The production of cocaine all started around the year 1860, when the main alkaloid, cocaine, was isolated from the coca leaf. Since then, cocaine has become a very important substance. The production and distribution of cocaine is the most important to the Andean region of the world, which is made up of Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. They are the top producers of cocaine in the world, and "are the source of 95 percent of the cocaine smuggled into the United States”. The cocaine business incorporates more than 1 million people, from peasant growers, to chemists and processors and to the distributors. In 2012, the White House declared that Peru is now the world’s number one producer of cocaine, leaving Colombia, the previous number one, in second and Bolivia in third. “More than 60,000 hectares of coca crops w... ... middle of paper ... ...purity has increased. “10 million people are in jail worldwide for drug-related offences, civil liberties have been widely infringed and thousands die in the drug war each year. The drug-free world so confidently predicted by supporters of the 1961 Single Convention is further than ever from realization.” Even though many believe that drugs are an evil substance, the trafficking of drugs actually has its benefits. It can generate a substantial amount of jobs. It results in employment for large amounts of peasants, creating drug profits distributed in small amounts to large numbers of people. Along with peasants, the presence of cocaine has created a large amount of jobs for those that are anti-drug like the DEA. "Our drug officials are very irresponsible in global strategies," Paul Gootenberg "They have tunnel vision. They don't look at the global implications."
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