The Big 5
Over the past couple of decades, personality has taken a larger role in applied research and employee selection. This optimism is mostly due to the creation of a unified model of personality- the Big Five (or Five Factor Model). The five broad dimensions used by some psychologists to describe human personality. The term personality trait has a special meaning in personality psychology that is narrower than the everyday usage of the term.” Motivations, emotions, attitudes, abilities, self-concepts, social roles, autobiographical memories, and life stories are just a few of the other "units" that personality psychologists study.”(Srivastava, S.2015). The five factors have been labelled: emotional stability, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and openness to experience. Big Five factors is quite broad and consists of a range of more specific traits. The Big Five structure was derived from statistical analyses of which traits tend to co-occur in people 's descriptions of themselves or other people. The underlying correlations are probabilistic, and exceptions are possible. “For example, talkativeness and assertiveness are both traits associated with Extraversion, but they do not go together by logical necessity: you could imagine somebody that is assertive but not talkative (the "strong, silent type"). (McCrae, R. R, 2005)
The personality trait Extraversion is the “degree to which someone is active, assertive gregarious, social able, talkative, and energized by other” (Chuck Williams, 2015). An example of this in the workforce would be someone who is an extravert and takes control of a situation, in a sense it could be manager who has a very hands on approach with his employees. It is important to extraversion...
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...e motivated to seek out the unfamiliar and to look for complexity. “Psychologists have determined that the single most consistent variable in creative achievement is a trait called openness to experience.” (Drake Baer, 2014).
Always remember that behavior involves an interaction between a person 's underlying personality and situational variables. The situation that a person finds himself or herself in plays a major role in how the person reacts. However, in most cases, people offer responses that are consistent with their underlying personality traits. Understanding the personality traits that suit the role you’re hiring for is important, but how personalities fit together can make a big difference as well. Working out the personality traits most suited to your company’s culture can help you to keep an eye out for them and spot people who will fit in more easily.
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