In the field of psychology, personality refers to the unique characteristics and behavior patterns that distinguish one individual from another. Personality can be a complex spectrum to evaluate. Personality of is not always stable and may change over time for different reasons such as shocking events, education, and environment to name a few. The study and assessment of personality has been used to describe and discover from severe mental disorders to assist self-awareness. Personality inventories are a method to assess personality traits. These evaluation methods arose from the need to understand and treat the effects of war on soldiers’ personality. Personality inventories have evolved over time and today are used in several fields: education, research, clinical, counseling, and industrial / organizational. This paper aims to explore and offer details of one of these personality inventories: The Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF).
The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire
Demands for increased mental deterioration of soldiers during the World War forced somehow the government to asked mental health experts to develop tools to assess the personality of the military to understand what the occurrences and help mitigate such effects. This led to the creation of personality tests. Personality can be defined as the relatively stable and unique behavior patterns that distinguish one individual, and his/her responses to the surrounding environment, and life events. The first personality tests lacked of empirical methodologies to evaluate this complex aspect of human beings. Over time, the researchers developed better methods for such purposes as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). H...
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...ecent version of the 16PF, is widely used for many purposes: employee selection and development, in clinical and counseling settings, basic research, and learning research. In counseling and clinical fields this assessment instrument assists professionals to provide a comprehensive profile of the examinee. At an educational level, the 16PF is useful to evaluate future career options and compatibility traits of the individual and its choice. Although it is important to highlight that the 16PF was not designed to evaluate and diagnose severe mental disorders, researches have shown that the 16PF is a reliable and valid personality assessment tool that helps to predict academic performance and behaviors overall. In general it can be concluded that the 16PF has good psychometric properties comparable to other major personality inventories presently used.
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