In 1940 Auschwitz was built in Southern Poland near the town of Oswiecim. Auschwitz had originally started off as a political prisoner camp and remained that way until 1941 when a second camp was created in Birkenau, approximately four kilometers away from the main Auschwitz camp. Birkenau was created for the sole purpose of exterminating the Jews that entered the camp. A third Auschwitz camp was built in Monowitz. Monowitz would be used as a labor camp. Auschwitz-Birkenau would become the symbol of Hitler and the Nazis’ Final Solution and earn itself the title of “The Death Factory” (Berenbaum 2).
A key factor in choosing Auschwitz to lead the Final Solution had to do with the camp’s location. Auschwitz-Birkenau was positioned at a railroad intersection with forty four tracks that would strategic...
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...n IV and V the ovens were on the same floor as the gas chambers. However the ovens were not built properly and so they kept malfunctioning, leading to their abandonment. The corpses from IV and V were burned outside. The Jewish Sonderkommandos would operate the cremations while being supervised by the S.S. Before the cremation of the dead bodies took place, any valuables the dead had on them, like jewelry and gold teeth, were removed from their corpses. At first the killing facilities were considered as not being used as much as they should be used. 160,000 Jews were killed from April 1943 to March of 1944. This number pales in comparison to the 585,000 Jews that were killed in just a few months from March 1944 to November of the same year, making Auschwitz-Birkenau the most prominent and infamous Concentration camp and murdering grounds of all time (Jewishgen 3).
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