Periodontal Disorders and Stress Essay

Periodontal Disorders and Stress Essay

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Introduction: Although the correlation between anxiety states, stress, and occurrence of periodontal disorders has been reported, more research on other psychological signs seems to be necessary. The objective of this study was to compare the psychological signs in patients with chronic periodontitis with healthy people.
Method: In a cross sectional study, 40 patients with chronic periodontitis and 40 healthy individuals aged between 20 to 40 years who were able to read and write, were participated. Clinical examinations were performed by a single examiner. Psychological assessment was done by SCL-90-R questionnaire. This study was performed in 2011 in Zahedan city (Eastern Iran). All statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS software version 19. The comparison between groups was performed using independent t test and ANOVA as appropriated.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in mean scores of 9 psychological disorders between the study groups, but this difference was not psychologically significant. Mean score of global severity index in patients was higher than healthy people and this was statistically and psychologically significant. After separation of individuals to four age groups (20-25, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40 year olds) it was indicated that in 31-35 year olds, mean scores of phobic anxiety, depression, and anxiety were statistically and psychologically significant between the study groups.
Conclusion: this study can be used as a guide to further studies specially longitudinal studies in 31-35 years old people for collecting data. (This is not a good conclusion. Conclusion should be based on the findings of this study)
Key words: psychological disorders, SCL-90, chronic periodontitis, healthy pe...

... middle of paper ... is no comparable dental research but, after dividing the participants to four age groups, it was indicated that in 31-35 year olds, the means score of phobic anxiety, depression and anxiety was statistically and psychologically different between patients and healthy groups.
Periodontal disease has a long-term health outcome and therefore, it is likely that a chronic pattern of adverse psychological effects is required to have a measurable disease. (this phrase is not understandable)
Since our results are derived from a cross-sectional study, they need to be completed by further studies, particularly longitudinal ones to confirm the findings. However, the result of this study may be used as a guide to decide on important measurement specially in 31-35years old groups, to include in longitudinal studies for collecting data. (I do not understand this part as well)

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