The Perils Of Obedience, By Ian Parker Essay

The Perils Of Obedience, By Ian Parker Essay

Length: 1206 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Obedience has many forms and there are multiple reasons as to why people are obedient, whether yielding to authority or as an effort to please someone. Every reason can lead to different outcomes, having negative and positive results. Obedience can oftentimes be a response to a situation as well. Both Stanley Milgram, author of “The Perils of Obedience,” and Ian Parker, author of “Obedience,” talk about the reasoning behind obedience and the variables that enable such responses but, in the end, they come to different conclusions.
In Milgram’s article, he discusses the basic principle of obedience and the necessity of such behavior in the structure of society and all social life. For many people, obedience is a deeply engraved behavior pattern, and very well a strong impulse overriding training in ethics, sympathy, and moral conduct (Milgram 579). Milgram set up an experiment at Yale University to see how much pain one would inflict on another simply because of being commanded to do so. Authority won more than not.
The imminent dilemma in submission to authority is a story as old as the Bible itself, and the question of whether one should obey when commands conflict with their conscience has been argued by many honored and well-known authors. Certain conservative philosophers argue that the fabric of society is threatened by disobedience, while humanists stress the priority of the individual conscience (579). However, the essence of obedience is that people come to view themselves as the instrument for carrying out another person’s wishes. In doing so, they no longer regard themselves as responsible for their actions, and for a person to feel responsible for their actions, they must sense that the behavior flowed from ”the self” (...

... middle of paper ...

...n about the factors of obedience and an experiment conveying these concepts has been provided, what will happen next? People are often unable to disobey because they don’t know how to step up and voice their beliefs which might go against their orders or the situation. People also don’t just obey because of authority, they often obey due to belief, personal ideas, and opinions. Every situation can end with new or different responses, which can vary from obedience to authority or disobedience due to beliefs. Either way, people usually tend to decide and act based on what is going to benefit them. The human race has been given this great gift of perception, and being able to understand things underneath the surface of basic observation. As more and more information on obedience and how to avoid it is conveyed, the responsibility to use this information grows as well.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Perils of Obedience, by Stanley Milgram Essays

- If a person of authority ordered you inflict a 15 to 400 volt electrical shock on another innocent human being, would you follow your direct orders. That is the question that Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University tested in the 1960’s. Most people would answer “no,” to imposing pain on innocent human beings but Milgram wanted to go further with his study. Writing and Reading across the Curriculum holds a shortened edition of Stanley Milgram’s “The Perils of Obedience,” where he displays an eye-opening experiment that tests the true obedience of people under authority figures....   [tags: the perils of obedience, stanley milgram]

Better Essays
1490 words (4.3 pages)

The Perils of Obedience by Stanley Milgram Essay

- “The Perils of Obedience” was written by Stanley Milgram in 1974. In the essay he describes his experiments on obedience to authority. I feel as though this is a great psychology essay and will be used in psychology 101 classes for generations to come. The essay describes how people are willing to do almost anything that they are told no matter how immoral the action is or how much pain it may cause.      This essay even though it was written in 1974 is still used today because of its historical importance....   [tags: Stanley Milgram The Perils of Obedience]

Better Essays
819 words (2.3 pages)

Obedience, by Ian Parker and Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience, by Diana Baumrind

- Stanley Milgram, a social psychologist in 1963, conducted an experiment about human obedience that was deemed as one of the most controversial social psychology experiments ever (Blass). The original intent of the experiment was to determine if the Germans during WWII were simply obeying to authority when carrying out the Holocaust. The test subject, or teacher, would administer electric shocks to the learner, a paid actor, when he incorrectly answered the word pairings. The shocks started at 15v and went up by 15v increments up to 450v for every wrong answer....   [tags: Social Psychology, Comparison]

Better Essays
755 words (2.2 pages)

Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience, by Diana Baumrind and Obedience, by Ian Parker

- Upon analyzing his experiment, Stanley Milgram, a Yale psychologist, concludes that people will drive to great lengths to obey orders given by a higher authority. The experiment, which included ordinary people delivering “shocks” to an unknown subject, has raised many questions in the psychological world. Diana Baumrind, a psychologist at the University of California and one of Milgram’s colleagues, attacks Milgram’s ethics after he completes his experiment in her review. She deems Milgram as being unethical towards the subjects he uses for testing and claims that his experiment is irrelevant to obedience....   [tags: Authority, Article Analysis]

Better Essays
890 words (2.5 pages)

Summary of an Ian Parker Article Essay example

- In the article "Obedience", Ian Parker points out that the Milgram Experiment was the most reviled experiment in the history of social psychology. Parker focuses on Milgram's past, as well as some of his work ethics while also focusing on both the immediate and the long-term reaction to Milgram's experiments among both the public, and Milgram's professional colleagues. Parker also has commentary from a couple Professors who commented on the work of Stanley Milgram. Parker described that Milgram was struggling to place his findings in a proper scientific context....   [tags: Psychology]

Free Essays
373 words (1.1 pages)

Essay about The 's Article ' The Perils Of Obedience '

- The issue of morality, concerning absolute obedience within the military, has been debated inside courtrooms and all areas of society for decades. Is it possible for there to be positive and negative acts of blind obedience. In his article “The Perils of Obedience,” Stanley Milgram administers an experiment in order to understand the negative side of blind obedience (Milgram 77-89). His findings prove that people display a higher probability of hurting others when ordered to act out. Likewise, in his article “The Genocidal Killer in the Mirror,” Crispin Sartwell explains to his readers the cause of a “moral hero,” and he conveys why normal people display the capacity to commit heinous acts (...   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

My Lai and the Perils of Obedience Essay

- My Lai and the Perils of Obedience The My Lai massacre is probably one of the most infamous cases of atrocity carried out by U.S. military personnel. This paper will attempt to connect the actions of the American soldiers at My Lai with the study conducted by Stanley Milgram in 1974 on the impact authority has on obedience. My Lai was a hamlet in the Son My Village. The hamlet was marked on American maps as consisting of My Lai 1 through My Lai 6. The massacre actually occurred at Tu Cung, a sub-hamlet of My Lai....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
989 words (2.8 pages)

Perils Of Obedience Essay

- The Perils of Obedience This experiment is a test to see if people are naturally aggressive. Milgram does not believe that people are naturally aggressive. Although some people think people are naturally aggressive. Ordinary people can be part of a bad course of actions without having any anger toward then victim. In finding that people are not naturally aggressive. Milgram now alters the experiment to find out why do people act the way they do. He compiled the experiment to answer, why do people obey authority, even when the actions are against their own morals....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
366 words (1 pages)

Unchecked Obedience Essay

- Machiavelli declares that whatever you do, be it just or evil, if you know your actions will bring favorable results then you are not responsible for the manner, corrupt or blameless, in which they were obtained. This reasoning defines a timeless question: do the ends really justify the means. R. J. Herrnstein, author of “Measuring Evil”, believes they do, “A small, temporary loss of a few peoples comfort and privacy seems a bearable price for a large reduction in ignorance” (88). But is it not harsh to allow few to be terrorized for the benefit of many....   [tags: Obedience]

Better Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

Obedience Essay

- Obedience is the process by which individuals comply with the instructions given by an authority figure not to be confused with conformity. There is one similarity between obedience and conformity which is that both involved a renunciation Of personal responsibility. There is three differences between Obedience and Conformity. The first one is that in Obedience an order or an instruction is given whereas no instructions or order is given in conformity. The second one is that in obedience there will be a difference of status e.g : a doctor and a nurse whereas in conformity the group followed will have the same equal status....   [tags: Obedience]

Better Essays
742 words (2.1 pages)