In addition to measuring change in PL in children, personnel who play a part in establishing and maintaining physical literacy are also of interest to measure. The role of PE teachers who provide an encouraging, welcoming, and supportive position in the development and maintenance of physical literacy in children is important. The perceived physical literacy instrument (PPLI) has good validity and reliability to measure physical education teachers’ perception of their own physical literacy in terms of their sense of self and self-confidence, self- expression and communication with others, and knowledge and understanding (Sum et al., 2016). The PPLI is a self-report measure using a 5-point Likert scale measured as 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree. The average range of the 9-item questionnaire completion time is 8–10 minutes. The pre-test should be completed in the first 4 weeks of school and post-test in the last 6 weeks of the school year.
It is expected that understanding of the importance of physical activity and physical literacy in students will increase from the beginning of the school year to the end of the school year, and increase each year. It is also expected that physical literacy will increase by the end of the school year, and yearly in PE teachers. After year two, we will revise data collection protocols as needed based on feedback and trends from initial evaluation of data and feedback from PE teachers and school administrators (see Table 1 above for evaluation timeline).
Limitations of the Study Design
While efforts were made to ensure the reliability and validity of instruments to measure physical literacy, the results are not intended to demonstrate ...
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...ve to participate, each school will be offered $200 toward the purchase of physical education equipment each year of the evaluation, plus an institutional membership to SHAPE America to receive access to professional development webinars and monthly activities through the Teacher 's Toolbox (http://portal.shapeamerica.org/). In addition, each participating school will receive an iPad Mini2 to assist with data collection in the classroom, particularly in the assessment of physical literacy of individual students. The current cost of each iPad is approximately $269 each. We anticipate additional and/or replacement purchase of 2-5 computers during the 5-year evaluation period. Additional warranty insurance and maintenance cost for each is $90 per year. A $50 Visa Gift Card will be given to PE teachers at the end of each school year for their participation in the study.
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