People Who Influenced American History

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There are many people who have influenced American history. Each one has had a different impact on the country. Among the many people who have influenced American history are Thomas Paine, Harriet Tubman, and Dred Scott. Thomas Paine is most known for his pamphlet that inspired the American Revolution. This pamphlet spoke directly to the people and was, therefore, very powerful. Common Sense was read and debated by Americans just about everywhere. The American Crisis, Number 1, was the first in a series of essays that were meant to boost the morale and encourage the revolution. The most famous line from this text is the opening sentence which states, “These are the times that try men’s souls.” Paine was born in England and, at only 12, had failed out of school. At 19, he went to sea where he soon found himself as a tax officer in England. Paine was not very good at this job, getting discharged from his post twice in a four year span. In 1772, he published The Case of the Officers of Excise, arguing for a pay raise for officers. In 1774, he met Benjamin Franklin in London who helped him emigrate to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. While in Philadelphia, Paine decided to go into journalism, where he suddenly became very important. In 1776, he published Common Sense, which was meant to encourage American independence from England. Paine traveled with the Continental Army but was not a very good soldier. He did, however, produce The American Crisis, which was meant to help inspire the American Army. This pamphlet was very popular. All of the money he made from selling these pamphlets was donated to the revolutionary cause. He played a very important role in America’s Independence from England and, therefore, America’s history. Harriet Tub... ... middle of paper ... ... The US Supreme Court’s main problem was whether it had jurisdiction to try the case and whether Scott was considered a citizen or not. In 1857, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, a big supporter of slavery, read the court’s decision. It said that, because Dred Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue. This decision, well-received by slaveholders in the South, angered many northerners. It also greatly influenced Abraham Lincoln’s election which led to the South seceding from the Union. These events had quite an impact on America’s history. Many things have influenced the history of America. Different events and people have different impacts on the country. Thomas Paine, Harriet Tubman, and Dred Scott are among the many people who have influenced American History and, as people look back and study them, continue to change America’s future.

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