The Pentagon Papers On The United States Supreme Court

The Pentagon Papers On The United States Supreme Court

Length: 1452 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Pentagon Papers trial was a milestone choice by the United States Supreme Court on the First Amendment. The decision made it workable for the New York Times and Washington Post daily papers to distribute the then confidential Pentagon Papers without danger of government restriction or discipline. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the New York Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press, guaranteed by the First Amendment, was subordinate to a claimed need of the executive branch of government to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment did protect the right of the New Your Times and Washington Post to print the materials. In order to further explain, and provide additional information about the case, I will use interviews, a phone call with President Nixon, a Supreme Court Oral Argument, Trial testimonies, and Ellsberg’s Indictment.
In late 1966, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, growing concerned that the war in Vietnam was utterly unwinnable, first considered commissioning a study of the history of United States decision-making in Indochina. He then decided to proceed with the study by June of the next year. The Secretary claimed it would be an “encyclopedic history of the Vietnam War.” He thought that a written record of the key decisions that led to the United States involvement in Vietnam would be of great value to scholars. The study staff that was hired was given full access to Robert McNamara’s personal files, memoranda from the White House and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, State Department records, and to specially requeste...

... middle of paper ...

...n complained to his former chief of staff H. R. Haldman: “The sonofabitching thief is made a national hero…The New York Times gets a Pulitzer Prize for stealing documents…They’re trying to get us with thieves” (The Pentagon Papers Trial, An Account, Background: The Pentagon Papers Study, pg. 11).
In conclusion, the "Pentagon Papers" had an incredible effect on American Society. Published during a period when support of the United States association in the Vietnam War was relentlessly declining, the Pentagon Papers affirmed numerous individuals ' suspicions about the active role that the United States government had taken in building up the conflict. In spite of the fact that the study did not cover the strategies of President Richard Nixon 's organization, the disclosures included inside of it were humiliating, especially as Nixon was up for reelection in 1972.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Judicial Review : The Supreme Court Essay

- The Supreme Court has made numerous decisions that have impacted the United States Government as well as the citizenry of the United States. The Marshall court is recognized as making a decision on the most important case in the history of the Supreme Court. William Marbury was to be appointed to the position of Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia, but his appointment was never fulfilled. Marbury then filed a writ of mandamus to attempt and force the new Secretary of State, James Madison to deliver the appointment....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

Strong Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

The Supreme Court Essay

- The Supreme Court The Supreme Court has had many different places where it was located over the years. There has been a struggle to find a permanent home for the most powerful court of law. At first, the meetings were in the Merchant Exchange Building in New York City. The court then followed the nation's capitol to Philadelphia in 1790. In 1800 the court again relocated to Washington DC. At first they spent their time meeting in various places. The place to find the Supreme Court now is in Washington DC, on First Street located in Northeast....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
799 words (2.3 pages)

Federalism and the Supreme Court Essay

- Federalism and the Supreme Court "The powers delegated. . .to the federal government are few and defined. . . .The powers reserved to the several states will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties and properties of the people and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State." ---James Madison, The Federalist Papers #45 Since the establishment of judicial review in Marbury vs. Madison , the Supreme Court has been charged with the role of mediator....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on The Supreme Court's Involvement with Abortion

- The Supreme Court's Involvement with Abortion Never in the history of the United States, with the exception of the Slave Trade, has a public policy carved such an unmistakable social divide. Never before has a public policy spurned so many questions about social and political standards of American culture. To understand the abortion controversy and ultimately the Supreme Court’s involvement and decision in Roe v. Wade, the roots of abortion must be examined. The American public turned to the Supreme Court to seek a resolution for the abortion conflict....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1373 words (3.9 pages)

Atwater vs. Supreme court Essays

- I selected the case of Atwater vs. The city of Lago Vista Gail Atwater was stopped by a police officer for not having her children seatbelted. Instead of issuing a minor misdemeanor ticket, as is normally done, the officer arrested Atwater The city of Lago Vista removed the suit and sent it to the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Which gave ruling to The city of Lago Vista. The court said that Atwater had failed to present proof that any constitutional right had been violated....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
454 words (1.3 pages)

The Federalist Papers And Federalism

- The Federalist Papers and Federalism The Federalist Papers were mostly the product of two young men: Alexander Hamilton of New York, age 32, and James Madison of Virginia, age 36. Both men sometimes wrote four papers in a single week. An older scholar, John Jay, later named as first chief justice of the Supreme Court, wrote five of the papers. Hamilton, who had been an aide to Washington during the Revolution, asked Madison and Jay to help him in this project. Their purpose was to persuade the New York convention to ratify the just-drafted Constitution....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1006 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Conformation to the Supreme Court

- The appointment and conformation to the Supreme Court has become on of the most sought after and most prestigious positions in the U.S. Government. In the past two hundred years the Supreme Court has changed in many different ways and with each decision affecting the delicate balance of the U.S. legal system the appointment of justices has become a very watched over subject. In all conformation and appointment to the Supreme Court there is politics involved but with each presiding president their agenda is focused towards appointing a justice that expresses their ideas on the court....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1423 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Supreme Court Justice Nominations

- Supreme Court Justice Nominations According to Floyd G. Cullop, The Supreme Court is responsible for “interpreting a federal, state, and local law and deciding whether or not it is constitutional,” making The Supreme Court of the United States perhaps the most powerful branch of the Federal Government. Although the Supreme Court does not make the laws, the justices do review the laws and decide if they are Constitutional. In fact, over the course of a justice’s tenure on The Supreme Court, he or she will have many opportunities to review laws and his or her decisions could affect the lives of many Americans....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Strong Essays
706 words (2 pages)

Landmark Supreme Court Decisions Essay

- Landmark Supreme Court Decisions About 32 years ago, in December of 1965, a group of adults and students from Des Moines, Iowa gathered to show their dislike towards American involvement in the Vietnam War. They decided to wear black armbands and fast on December 16 and 31 to express there point. When the principals of the Des Moines School System found out their plans, they decided to suspend anyone who took part in this type of protest. On December 16 - 17 three Tinker siblings and several of their friends were suspended for wearing the armbands....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on supreme court history

- In 1789, the final draft of the constitution of the United States came into effect. In article three it calls for "[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." In the article it neither says the duties, powers, or any organization of the supreme court. If left this up to congress and to the justices of the court itself for these details. The very first bill introduced in the United States Senate was the Judiciary Act of 1789, led by Connecticut's Oliver Ellsworth....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)