Penicillin was one of the first antibiotics able to treat a lethal disease (Markel, D., 2013). Dr. Alexander Fleming, accidentally discovered penicillin when one of his cultures had been exposed to it, he noticed that the penicillin had developed zones of inhibition with the culture S. aureus (Markel, D., 2013). Dr. Fleming made an announcement to the world after his discovery of penicillin; he stated that if people overuse this antibiotic, the development of penicillin resistance will occur (Markel, D., 2013). As people became overwhelmed with excitement that a cure to practically all bacterial infections had been d...
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...ome resistant towards it and another antibiotic would have to take its place (Gouveia, E. L., et al, 2011). In the study, screens for patient isolates were developed to determine resistance to penicillin, and the results showed that isolates were highly resistant to penicillin (Gouveia, E. L., et al, 2011). However, microbiologists found that only three out of 548 pneumococcal isolates were highly resistant to penicillin and those isolates halfway-showed resistance to cefotaxime (Gouveia, E. L., et al, 2011). The study also proved that young children were more likely to have penicillin resistant genes than older patients, who were more likely to have penicillin-sensitive isolates (Gouveia, E. L., et al, 2011). The, young children, patients had a higher chance of fatality; therefore, having to switch their antibiotic to cephalosporin (Gouveia, E. L., et al, 2011).
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