Body dissatisfaction refers to any "negative self-evaluation of one’s own appearance and the desire to be more physically attractive." The problem of body image has long been shown to be a conern for the American Psychiatric Association or APA, (Muñoz & Ferguson, 2012, p. 383). It raises so much concern because an unsatisfying body image has been know to cause problems such as eating disorders, depression and self-esteem. Scholars have argued that an unsatisfying body image can be caused by a mix of different social and personal factors, yet media and peer pressure stand out as the two factors with them most impact on body image. Muñoz and Ferguson, (2012) considers both of these influences in exploring body image based on a "Catalyst Model" for body dissatisfaction, which prioritizes the influence of peers over those of the media.
In this study, 218 university students, all females between the ages of 14 a 34, partici...
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...on on life satisfaction, a second equation was formed. Results for the model were significant, R = .68, F(8, 157) = 16.44, p < .001, (Muñoz & Ferguson, 2012, p. 389). This means that body dissatisfaction was a very effective predictor of low life satisfaction in women, even with all the other factors. In, Muñoz & Ferguson (2012), other significant predictors of life satisfaction included depression and a perception parental love. Once again, media or televison exposure was not effective in predicting life satisfaction, and the order in which it was presented did not influcence the results.
Muñoz, M. E., & Ferguson, C. J. (2012). ). Body Dissatisfaction Correlates with Inter-Peer Competitiveness, Not Media Exposure: A Brief Report.. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31(4), 383-392. Retrieved December 11, 2013, from the psycINFO database.
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