The purpose for which it was created the UN is to preserve world peace and save mankind from the scourge of war. However, the drafters of the Charter did not give the organization the attributes necessary to achieve their role fully. The above was found in the following years when it became apparent that the good will and the desire for peace were not sufficient to curb international conflicts. In such a situation the UN established the peace-keeping Operations (PKO´s).
According to the doctrine Capston, from 1948 to date, have been carried out more than sixty of peace-keeping operations. However, it should be emphasized that it was not until the end of the Cold War when it was observed a marked increase in the number of this type of operations . The PKO 's have gone from stability operations pre-conflict until the post-conflict reconstruction and these do not always have the desired success. In such a situation, the next question becomes, Is there a practical, realistic alternative to the UN-centric system for the range of such operations?
Undoubtedly the answer to this question is not simple. Sin lugar a dudas la contestación a esta pregunta no es sencilla. However we can assert that the United Nations, through its history, its misfortunes and unfortunately of the problems that have plagued humanity are learning the lesson. The Peacekeeping operations have evolved trying to cover all the gaps and to be a viable alternative solution to the conflict.
The Peacekeeping Operations
Larry Fabian, defines peace-keeping, in relation to the activities carried out by the UN as “political-military control of local conflict by politically impartial, essentially noncoercitve methods” . At present, the PKO´s are integrated by...
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...h policies and guidelines for the development of the PKO 's. These series are focused to field personnel on staff of decision-makers in New York.
The evolution of the PKO 's has shown that the UN has failed to adapt to different scenarios and conflicts that have arisen since its creation. The PKO 's have been a useful tool in many of the conflicts, taking more successes than failures. However, it is necessary followed by adapting to the challenges presented by the complexity of the conflicts in order to achieve stabilization of world peace.
For that a PKO 's success must comply with a series of requirements, which include a clear mandate, reasonable and achievable. However the most important thing is to have the consent of the government of the country where carried out operations, act impartially and not resort to force unless it is in self-defense.
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