Pavlovian Conditioning : It 's Not What You Think It Is Essay examples

Pavlovian Conditioning : It 's Not What You Think It Is Essay examples

Length: 818 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Pavlovian Conditioning: It’s Not What You Think It Is.
Pavlovian conditioning is more complicated than it had been initially purported. The paper by Rescorla that was published almost sixteen years ago revealed that there are more complex relationships between different stimulus. According to Robert Rescorla, the Pavlovian conditioning would be better treated as a reflection of the immense efforts of an information-seeking organism. Pavlovian conditioning is also referred to as classical conditioning. The two terms merge to give one meaning. According to Rescorla, Pavlovian conditioning is the behavior modification process that focuses on an intrinsic reaction to a biological stimulus that elicits a particular and desired response.
Rescorla highlights three classes of evidence that support the expanded view of the conditioning process. The first two conditioning classes dealt with the representational and the informational characteristics. Rescorla’s article has affected how the Ivan Pavlovian conditioning is viewed. The models and the experiments have given the work credibility and changed perceptions in the field of psychology. Rescorla’s articles have initiated the researchers to develop specific mechanisms to be used in encoding, retrieving and storing by using sophisticated training and post training manipulations.
In a general understanding of the ecological-evolutionary approach, Rescorla proposes that Pavlovian conditioning occurs through interactions with the environment with repetitions of the perpetual motor mechanisms. The motivational states are distributed according to the spatial-temporal patterns of the Conditioned Stimulus (CS) and Unconditioned Stimulus (US). Given the view presented above, the sophisticated ...


... middle of paper ...


...ning. For instance, the pairing of a bell with a piece of meat would cause salivation than the former combined with bread (Rescorla, n.d). Once the subject is exposed to the unconditioned stimuli, he or she is no longer shocked and this is due to the predictability of the subsequent unconditioned stimuli.
In conclusion, some of the Pavlovian conditioning trends appear to be moving towards a particular embodiment of conditioning. The trend points towards an increasing level of promise in understanding the adaptiveness of phenomena to different conditioned and unconditioned stimuli. The Pavlovian conditioning also helps to explain the contingent response and the exposure to learning theories and methodologies that vary depending on the application of a stimulus. The article provides an explicit interface with neurophysiological experiments and analysis (Rescorla, n.d).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Classical Conditioning Theory

- I. Introduction of classical conditioning Classical conditioning also called as Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning. It is a kind of learning a new behavior through association that when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US) and evokes a conditioned response (CR). It also is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus (Cherry, 2014). Classical conditioning has much strength such as can help to explain all aspects of human behavior and many of advertisers will use classical conditioning to advertise their produces, however it also have some weaknesses such as all cla...   [tags: Pavlovian Conditioning]

Strong Essays
1198 words (3.4 pages)

Natural Selection Is Not Fast Essay

- 1. The way in which the process of learning is the result of Natural Selection is by the way we learn on how to live our life and to survive to be able to make offspring. Our book says that “those of their offspring that share their parents ' advantage will also tend to survive and reproduce” (Chance,2014). There is also the example in the book of Gregor Mendel in which he did the experiement with the peas and with natural selection he was able to have a garden full of peas. And last there is the experiment of the birds with different shapes of beak Charles Darwin said that "it is very remarkable that a nearly perfect gradation of structure in this one group can be traced in the form of the...   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

The Use Of Classical Conditioning And Pavlovian Conditioning Essay

- In 1913 a new movement in psychology appeared, Behaviorism. “Introduced by John Broadus Watson when he published the classic article Psychology as the behaviorist views it.” Consequently, Behaviorism (also called the behaviorist approach) was the primary paradigm in psychology between 1920 to 1950 and is based on a number of underlying ‘rules’: Psychology should be seen as a science; Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events, like thinking and emotion; People have no free will – a person’s environment determines their behavior; Behavior is the result of stimulus resulting in a response; and All behavior is learned from the environment....   [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]

Strong Essays
1276 words (3.6 pages)

You Are What You Think by David Stoop Essay examples

- You Are What You Think by David Stoop The Book I Choose is called, You Are What You Think by David Stoop. I picked this book because I could relate to the topic. During the time of the assignment I was faced with some life differencing changes, which were affecting my perception on myself....   [tags: David Stoop You What Think]

Free Essays
950 words (2.7 pages)

Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning And Cognitive Learning Essay

- Knowledge and skills come from experience and study, and therefore a lot of the things we learn are from what we observe. In psychology, learning is divided into 3 different parts, so this essay will elaborate on them. The three are; classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive learning. First, the Classical Condition is characterised by the things that are not learned; that we are born responding to. Also, in the classical conditioning there is the neutral stimulus that causes a sensory response such as being seen, heard, or smelled....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
763 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

- From the time humans are born, they begin the process of learning and trying to understand the world. Conditioning is one way of learning in which a response becomes more frequent as a result of reinforcement. We can also learn through associations and punishments. There are two types of conditioning that will be discussed within this paper, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. I will further discuss how both classical and operant conditioning are prevalent within my article claims and then explain why both conditioning methods are important in everyday life....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

Behaviorism, Classical Conditioning, And Observational Learning Essay

- Behaviorism known as learning theory states that the reason why people think, act, and feel the way they do is because they learned it. John Watson in 1913 started this movement claiming that learning wasn’t just about our neutrons or your genes. It’s believed that all behavior is learned from surrounding behaviors and behavior is a result of stimulus and response. Behaviorism is also scientific but ignores biology, it has many experiments to support its theories and is highly applicable in therapy....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
963 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

- Classical conditioning and operant conditioning both played a key role in the history of the study of learning, but, as argued by B.F Skinner, there are key differences to be noted between the two (Gleitman, Gross, Reisberg, 2011). This essay will first explore what classical conditioning is by using Ivan Pavlov’s famous experiment with dogs to explain how it works. It will then go on to describe how classical conditioning led to more research by Edward L. Thorndike and B.F. Skinner in the study of instrumental behaviour (Gleitman et al....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism]

Strong Essays
1499 words (4.3 pages)

Classical Conditioning Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- From the time we are born to the time we die, we learn new things every day, everyone knows that if you learn something new a day then you are doing okay. However, what most people do not know is how we learn and how our minds become disciplined while we are learning. There are two ways that we, as humans, learn new things. One is called classical conditioning. Classical Conditioning is a process where one object is connected with another object that generates a certain response. The second way is call operant conditioning, which is more commonly used....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Operant Conditioning Is The Type Of Learning Essay

- My roommate has a bad tendency of “pulling all-nighters” in order to complete assignments at the last minute and cram for exams that are scheduled the next day. This has become a habit that is stressing and tends to lead to negative outcomes, such as a lack of sleep and being unable to learn material effectively. However, there is one way to stop this unhealthy habit. How you may ask. With a little something I like to call, operant conditioning. What is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the type of learning that involves associating a voluntary response and a (good or bad) consequence....   [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]

Strong Essays
1072 words (3.1 pages)