Acceptance of male violence against women has been linked to strict adherence to gender norms and beliefs, stemming from a patriarchal society. Long standing gender norms in our society, in which men and women occupy different roles, have allowed an imbalance of power dynamics. Feminist scholarship consistently finds that adherence to traditional gender norms and beliefs, reinforcers women’s sexual subordination to men. For instance, traditional heteronormative beliefs illustrate women as vulnerable and submissive, while men are described to be dominant, aggressive, and powerful (Hlavka 2014:3). As Gallagher and Parrott (2011) state, “rape is a product of...
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...e and "got what she wanted,” regardless of how traditional or liberal their gender role attitudes were” (Milburn et al. 2000:16). Just as well, results from various film studies indicate that violent, sexually explicit content has a significant negative effect on the way males perceive female sexual rejection. Males have been socialized to believe that women are playing hard to get, that even if they explicitly state that they do not wish to partake in any sexual activities, what females really want is for the males to seduce them, change their minds, and sexually please them.
Similarly, research shows that copious amounts of pornography consumption by males is directly linked to violence against women and antisocial attitudes toward them. Thus, results also show that partners of battered women consume pornography in greater quantities. (Sommers and Check 1987:119)
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