The US Commissioner Report (2011) details the rise in patient dumping from in the last ten years. Previously, hospitals were in their legal right to refuse health care to patients. It was not until the ~1980’s that a law was bought in to stop patient dumping and the refusal of treatment. Patient dumping occurs when patients are either uninsured, immigrants or lack funds to pay for medical bills that hospitals ‘dump’/relocate in a dishonourable way those patients to over hospitals. In doing so, that hospital is therefore not liable to provide treatment to the patient. It is now estimated that 250,000 US patients annually are denied medical treatment, in addition 15.4% of US citizens do not have health insurance. Recent research (Blalock & Wolfe, 2001) found that over 520 hospitals from 46 states had violated the law by patient dumping, many of whom had done it more than once. As a consequence of illegal patient dumping, Agraharkar (2009) details how hospitals are currently being used as a deportation centre. It found at least one privately run company inside a hospital that was founded for the sole purpose of deporting “unfunded Latin American nationals” to hospitals throughout South America. Its bid was to reduce health expenditure by deporting individuals who did not have visas or were uncertain surrounding their immigration status. Agraharkar further argued that deportation of patients is merely a discharge of the prohibition of patient dumping as well as unavailability of health resources. Blalock and Wolfe (2001) found the reason for the increase in patient dumping is related to the underfunded health care system. Only after the law requiring all hospitals to provide medical assistant that the incidence became greater. Additi...
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...med even when a female patient had already been diagnosed with coronary heart disease. Another example is the incidence rate of angina before myocardial infarction was relatively equal in both men and women yet, only half the women underwent the appropriate treatment. By way of contrast, there was little to no gender inequality between men and women once women had undergone treatment. For this reason, women have shown themselves to be equal to that of a man. A clear example of the Yentl syndrome at work. In relation to gender inequalities in healthcare, the lecture 2.1 given by (2016) briefly touched on promoting gender inequality and the empowerment of women. The fifth goal of The United Nations Sustainable Development is gender inequality. It is evident that gender inequality is a current and serious issue in view of the fact, it is endorsed by the United Nations.
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