Patient Assisted Suicide Essay

Patient Assisted Suicide Essay

Length: 1881 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

One of the greatest dangers facing chronic and terminally ill patients is the grey area regarding PAS. In the Netherlands, there are strict criteria for the practice of PAS. Despite such stringencies, the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (1992) found 28% of the PAS cases in the Netherlands did not meet the criteria. The evidence suggests some of the patient’s lives may have ended prematurely or involuntarily. This problem can be addressed via advance directives. These directives would be written by competent individuals explaining their decision to be aided in dying when they are no longer capable of making medical decisions. These interpretations are largely defined by ones morals, understanding of ethics, individual attitudes, religious and cultural values.
The practice of using continuous sedation (CS) to reduce or take away the consciousness of a patient until their death follows is a similar grey area in healthcare. This was addressed in Washington v. Glucksberg when Justice O’Connor’s statements proclaimed that CS was legal and ethically acceptable. The case also suggested the availability of CS renders the legalization of PAS as unnecessary (Raus, Sterckx & Mortier, 2011). This argument leaves a great deal of life ending treatments up to individual interpretation. PAS is illegal in some states in the United States but passive euthanasia or the right to refuse medical treatment, including life-sustaining medical treatment, is well-established in the US by common law and landmark court decisions.
Even when regulations are present, they are not always followed. The Oregon Department of Human Services’ Death with Dignity Act (2007) requires a patient be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist for treatment ...

... middle of paper ... Waiting to Die: Everyday Understandings of
Suffering. Palliative & Supportive Care, 10(1), 27-36.
Steck, N., Egger, M., Maessen, M., Reisch, T., & Zwahlen, M. (2013). Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide in Selected European Countries and US States: Systematic Literature Review. Medical Care, 51(10), 938-944. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182a0f427
Varelius, J. (2013). Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Right to Do Wrong. HEC Forum, 25(3), 229-243. doi:10.1007/s10730-013-9208-2
Wagner, B., Keller, V., Knaevelsrud, C., & Maercker, A. (2012). Social Acknowledgement as a
Predictor of Post-Traumatic Stress and Complicated Grief After Witnessing Assisted
Suicide. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58(4), 381-385.
Wrable J. (1989). Euthanasia would be a humane way to end suffering. Am Med News.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Patient Of Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

- There are only five states in America where physician-assisted suicide in legal. Those five states are Oregon, Washington, California, Montana, and Vermont. This option is very hard for terminally ill patients to receive. These patients are suffering from pain, losing control of their own bodies, seeing the anguish of their families, and many other things. Terminally ill patients should have the right to choose when and how their death will occur and the right to die with their dignity still intact....   [tags: Death, Suffering, Suicide, Physician]

Term Papers
1872 words (5.3 pages)

Essay about Physician Assisted Suicide Is A Real Thing

- The thought of closing the book of life before all of the chapters have a chance to be written is a terrifying thought for most. However, physician assisted suicide is a trending issue currently due to heavy social media attention for the Death with Dignity Law because of a woman named Brittany Maynard. Although it is a hard topic to discuss for many, physician assisted suicide is a real thing happening in several states across the country. Most people have a hard and fast opinion on the issue, but few are truly educated about exactly what it means, who can qualify, and what drives those who use the Death with Dignity law to follow through with their wishes....   [tags: Death, Patient, Assisted suicide, Suicide]

Term Papers
875 words (2.5 pages)

Patient Assisted Suicide and the Ben Underhill Case Essay

- The Ben Underhill Case is a clinical case study of PAS. Over ten years ago, Ben was diagnosed with multiple myeloma and given three to five years to live. Multiple myeloma cancer begins in the plasma cells of the bone marrow. The exact cause of this cancer is unknown. As multiple myeloma progresses in the spine, it compresses the nerves leaving the patients with pain, weakness, or numbness in their arms and/or legs. Some patient’s symptoms are slow to develop while others deteriorate rapidly. Often this type of cancer is non-curable (National, 2014)....   [tags: Cancer, Pain, Ethics]

Term Papers
519 words (1.5 pages)

Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide - Eliminate the Pain or Eliminate the Patient?

- Eliminate the Pain or Eliminate the Patient.     Proponents of euthanasia argue that "mercy-killing" is necessary because patients, particularly those with terminal illness, experience uncontrollable pain(1). They argue that the only way to alleviate the pain is to eliminate the patient. But is there a better way. This essay proves that there is a better way, and this medical opinion is backed up by the best medical opinion available.   The better response to patients in pain is not to kill them, but to make sure that the medicine and technology currently available to control pain is used more widely and completely....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Term Papers
1202 words (3.4 pages)

The Ethical Dilemma Of Assisted Suicide Essay examples

- Are we all living to die. And if so should we have a choice on how we die. There are many ethical dilemmas surrounding assisted suicide. What things will dictate our right to die: terminal illness, depression, or your constitution rights. The Bill of Rights state in the eighth amendment, “ nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted”, so would it be considered cruel inflicted punishment to deny a person with a terminal illness and a few agonizing months to live the right to end their suffering sooner....   [tags: Suffering, Death, Suicide, Patient]

Term Papers
1824 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Assisted Suicide : An Incurable Disease

- Assisted suicide by definition is the suicide of a patient suffering from an incurable disease, carried out by the taking of lethal drugs provided by a doctor for this purpose. Recently, it has been debated whether or not the decision to let someone die by the hands of a doctor because of prolonged evidence of pain is ethical or not. Part of this is because the patient might not be making the decision to die if they are being treated in a corrupted hospital or hospice center, where the doctor decides to execute the patient without their consent....   [tags: Death, Patient, Suicide, Ethics]

Term Papers
1037 words (3 pages)

Physician Assisted Suicide Is Illegal Essay

- Imagine your laying in a hospital bed hooked up to various machines. The doctors and nurses are persistently coming in to check up on you while you’re trying to get through the pain, weakness and slow wasting away of your body. On top of that you are grieving the side effects from numerous drugs, constipation, restlessness, you can barely breathe. You have no appetite because you are constantly throwing up. The doctors have given you little to no chance of survival; and death is at hand, it is just a matter of when....   [tags: Suicide, Suffering, Death, Patient]

Term Papers
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Doctor Assisted Suicide Is Wrong? Essay

- Doctor assisted suicide is the act of voluntarily ending one’s own life with the help of a physician either directly, through lethal injection, or indirectly, through pharmaceutically administered pills. Doctor assisted suicide is wrong because it preys on the weak, corrupts the patient-doctor relationship as well as family relationships, and because murder is unethical. Nonetheless, “the issue of whether human beings — and more pointedly, doctors — have the right to help others die has been in the public discourse since before the birth of Christ”(Pickert)....   [tags: Death, Suicide, Physician, Patient]

Term Papers
937 words (2.7 pages)

The Treatment Of Assisted Suicide Essay

- Elizabeth Bouvia was tied down to her deathbed when she admitted to starving herself and suffered from arthritis. She wanted to end her like due to her mental suffering for so many years, but the hospital would not allow her death to come from her wishes. Instead of her death wishes being fulfilled, she was stuck in a life she did not want to live. From Bouvia’s time in the hospital, she had tried to starve herself to death two more times but had not succeeded. Mr. Nicholas was a hospital ethicist of a Roman Catholic Hospital who argued, “…She had a moral right to refuse medical intervention....   [tags: Suicide, Suffering, Physician, Patient]

Term Papers
1392 words (4 pages)

Essay on Physician Assisted Death : Murder Or Suicide

- Physician Assisted Death: Murder or Suicide Have you ever watched a mom, dad, grandparent, close friend or near relative die of a chronic death. If you have, you know that beyond a shadow of a doubt you would do anything to ease the pain and suffering. Anything. Well, what if they personally asked for death. Physician assisted death is a procedure of which a physician aids a terminally ill patient with a lethal dose of medication to assist death upon consent. The rise of the argument over this issue is continually increasing....   [tags: Suicide, Death, Patient, Suicide methods]

Term Papers
760 words (2.2 pages)