Essay on The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.

Essay on The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.

Length: 1147 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in is related to the insulin hormone. Insulin is secreted by cells in the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the level of glucose in the bloodstream. It also aids the body in breaking down the glucose to be used as energy. When someone suffers from diabetes, however, the body does not break down the glucose in the blood as a result of abnormal insulin metabolism. When there are elevated levels of glucose in the blood, it is known as hyperglycemia. If the levels continue to remain high over an extended period of time, damage can be done to the kidneys, cardiovascular systems; you can get eye disorders, or even cause nerve damage. When the glucose levels are low in one’s body, it is called hypoglycemia. A person begins to feel very jittery, and possibly dizzy. If that occurs over a period of time, the person can possibly faint. Diabetes mellitus occurs in three different forms - type 1, type 2, and gestational.
2. Compare and contrast the possible causes of Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes formerly called juvenile onset diabetes occurs typically before the age of 20, but now at any age anyone can be diagnosed with type 1. Individuals with type 1 diabetes are usually thin, go to the bathroom a lot to urinate, and are always hungry. The cause of Type 1 Diabetes is that the pancreas, which is the organ that secretes insulin, is destroyed by auto antibodies, which is why people with Type 1 Diabetes always need insulin, either to be injected or through an insulin pump. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood causing the body's cells to starve to death. People with type 1 diabetes mus...


... middle of paper ...


...so discuss making a exercise plan that will work for the patient, and will not cause him/her any pain. If all of the correct measures are taken, and the patient is taking care of themselves, they can prevent more serious complications from occurring. They must know that they are serious complications from one not taking care of themselves, or living a unhealthy life style. It does involve a lifelong commitment to change. Medication will help, but one must also be willing to change.
The nurse must make sure the patient understands what the signs and symptoms are for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. They must be advised when to seek medical help or to call the doctor if they blood sugar levels either get too high or too low. They must also know to avoid any sugary drinks, and substitute sugar or sweetener, while also at the same time monitoring their salt intake.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- DM Type I & II: 1 The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition in the body that is related to a faulty metabolism. It means that the body’s metabolism is not functioning properly, which leads to adverse effects in the health. The food we ingest, gets broken down into blood sugar (glucose), which is what fuels our body in the form of energy. This converted glucose needs to enter our cells so that it can be used for energy and growth. And in order for the glucose to enter our cells, there needs to be insulin present, which the beta cells of the pancreas is responsible for producing....   [tags: Overview and Analysis]

Strong Essays
2264 words (6.5 pages)

Essay about Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus

- Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases. The body is unable to produce or absorb sufficient amounts of insulin. This causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The pancreas normally produces insulin which regulates the level of glucose in the blood as 1)well as how it's used. "Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel" (mayoclinic.org/ 2014)....   [tags: group of metabolic diseases]

Strong Essays
2087 words (6 pages)

Endocrine Research Paper Pathophysiology: Diabetes Mellitus

- Sugar donuts; not just sweet, scrumptious treats that make mouths salivate and stomachs smile, but also a dangerous catalyst to individuals who are uninformed. Seem improbable or unlikely. Actually, these donuts and many sugary products like it have the ability to sicken, and possibly kill, millions of people world-wide. This disease has quietly reached epidemic proportions, as according to the World Health Organization (WHO) it currently affects about 27,000,000 million in the United States and affects roughly 220,000,000 million people world-wide (6.4% of world population)(Diabetes Facts)....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

Strong Essays
1379 words (3.9 pages)

The Exact Pathophysiology Of Gestational Diabetes Essay

- The exact pathophysiology of gestational diabetes is unknown. One main aspect of the underlying pathology is insulin resistance, where the body’s cells fail to respond to the hormone insulin in the usual way. Several pregnancy hormones are thought to disrupt the usual action of insulin as it binds to its receptor, most probably by interfering with cell.(Gestational Diabetes Pathophysiology. 2010). Insulin is the primary hormone produced in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]

Strong Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about The Pathophysiology Of Type 1 Diabetes

- Type 1 diabetes is well known disease, some of us or someone we know are the victim of this chronic illness. There are controversial explanation such as, genetic susceptibility and in contrary, environmental factors that are viral infection, prenatal and neonatal influence, nitrate in drinking water, (Norris et al, 2003)early exposure to cow’s milk towards why the immune system destroy the insulin producing beta cell. In this essay, I will be discussing about the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes and how it affect the homeostasis of our normal functioning body....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar]

Strong Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : Disease And Diabetes Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association, is “a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”(Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). There are many different types of diabetes, with the two most familiar forms being type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as “juvenile-diabetes”, only accounts for 5-10% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity]

Strong Essays
1099 words (3.1 pages)

A Short Note On Diabetes Mellitus And Mellitus Essay

- diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Diabetes mellitus is characterized as the chronic elevation of blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action. Diabetes mellitus falls into two broad categories or types namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus also referred to as juvenile diabetes, it can also develop in adults. This type of diabetes mellitus occurs when your body no longer produces insulin because the immune system that normally protects the body against bacteria and viruses has attacked and destroyed the cells that pr...   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]

Strong Essays
1784 words (5.1 pages)

The Health Promotion Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- Since Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common health challenges world-wide, I am going to further incorporate the topic in my paper. Through academic research and resources, in my first paragraph I will be providing the health promotion definition along with expressing the importance for patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. My second paragraph will display the pathophysiology to help comprehend how this health challenge is present in the body. Health promotion interventions will also be incorporated with ideas and specific information to aid individuals in promoting health and preventing development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]

Strong Essays
778 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Diabetes Mellitus As A Disorder Of The Metabolism

- About Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus is commonly known as diabetes. It is usually chronic and affects the body’s ability to regulate sugar (WebMD,2016). This disease has three types; type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational. These three types are different from one another in how they affect a person and for how long. This disease, if not properly addressed, can have very serious side effects that can cause problems for an individual that has diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented or at the very least controlled through proper nutrition and exercise....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin]

Strong Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : Common Chronic Disease Essay

- Introduction As the seventh leading cause of death, diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease that requires a lifelong behavioral and lifestyle changes. For all types of diabetes, the main features is chronic hyperglycemia resulting from problems with insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disorder in which the pancreas makes less insulin over time. Children with type 2 diabetes have a reduced ability for most cells to respond to insulin, poor control over liver glucose output, and decrease beta-cell function, eventually leading to beta-cell failure....   [tags: Obesity, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]

Strong Essays
1156 words (3.3 pages)