The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition in the body that is related to a faulty metabolism. It means that the body’s metabolism is not functioning properly, which leads to adverse effects in the health. The food we ingest, gets broken down into blood sugar (glucose), which is what fuels our body in the form of energy. This converted glucose needs to enter our cells so that it can be used for energy and growth. And in order for the glucose to enter our cells, there needs to be insulin present, which the beta cells of the pancreas is responsible for producing. This hormone is responsible for maintaining glucose level in the blood. It allows the body cells to use glucose as a main energy source.
But in a diabetic person, due to abnormal insulin metabolism, the body cells and tissues do not make use of glucose from the blood, resulting in an elevated level of blood glucose or hyperglycemia. This happens when the body produces less insulin, no insulin or has faulty cells that do not respond to the insulin produced. Therefore the end result is that the body has no insulin to transport the glucose into our cells for growth and energy. Over a period of time, high glucose level in the bloodstream can lead to severe complications, such as eye disorders, cardiovascular diseases, kidney damage and nerve problems.
There are three classifications of diabetes mellitus, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes (GD). The symptoms and effects of all three forms of diabetes are similar and the outcome for all three types is high blood glucose level or hyperglycemia. The noticeable symptoms include increased thirst (polydipsia), increased urination (polyuria), incre...
... middle of paper ...
...betes, they must visit their health care provider or diabetes educator at least four times a year and talk about any problems they are having. They should also stay up to date with all of their vaccinations and get a flu shot every year in the fall. Regular exercise is important for a person with diabetes because it helps lowers blood sugar level without medication and helps burn excess calories and fat so they can manage their weight.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- DM Type I & II: 1 The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition in the body that is related to a faulty metabolism. It means that the body’s metabolism is not functioning properly, which leads to adverse effects in the health. The food we ingest, gets broken down into blood sugar (glucose), which is what fuels our body in the form of energy. This converted glucose needs to enter our cells so that it can be used for energy and growth. And in order for the glucose to enter our cells, there needs to be insulin present, which the beta cells of the pancreas is responsible for producing.... [tags: Overview and Analysis]
2264 words (6.5 pages)
- Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases. The body is unable to produce or absorb sufficient amounts of insulin. This causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The pancreas normally produces insulin which regulates the level of glucose in the blood as 1)well as how it's used. "Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel" (mayoclinic.org/ 2014).... [tags: group of metabolic diseases]
2087 words (6 pages)
- Sugar donuts; not just sweet, scrumptious treats that make mouths salivate and stomachs smile, but also a dangerous catalyst to individuals who are uninformed. Seem improbable or unlikely. Actually, these donuts and many sugary products like it have the ability to sicken, and possibly kill, millions of people world-wide. This disease has quietly reached epidemic proportions, as according to the World Health Organization (WHO) it currently affects about 27,000,000 million in the United States and affects roughly 220,000,000 million people world-wide (6.4% of world population)(Diabetes Facts).... [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
1379 words (3.9 pages)
- The exact pathophysiology of gestational diabetes is unknown. One main aspect of the underlying pathology is insulin resistance, where the body’s cells fail to respond to the hormone insulin in the usual way. Several pregnancy hormones are thought to disrupt the usual action of insulin as it binds to its receptor, most probably by interfering with cell.(Gestational Diabetes Pathophysiology. 2010). Insulin is the primary hormone produced in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.... [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]
719 words (2.1 pages)
- Type 1 diabetes is well known disease, some of us or someone we know are the victim of this chronic illness. There are controversial explanation such as, genetic susceptibility and in contrary, environmental factors that are viral infection, prenatal and neonatal influence, nitrate in drinking water, (Norris et al, 2003)early exposure to cow’s milk towards why the immune system destroy the insulin producing beta cell. In this essay, I will be discussing about the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes and how it affect the homeostasis of our normal functioning body.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association, is “a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”(Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). There are many different types of diabetes, with the two most familiar forms being type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as “juvenile-diabetes”, only accounts for 5-10% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes.... [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Diabetes mellitus is characterized as the chronic elevation of blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action. Diabetes mellitus falls into two broad categories or types namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus also referred to as juvenile diabetes, it can also develop in adults. This type of diabetes mellitus occurs when your body no longer produces insulin because the immune system that normally protects the body against bacteria and viruses has attacked and destroyed the cells that pr... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- Since Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common health challenges world-wide, I am going to further incorporate the topic in my paper. Through academic research and resources, in my first paragraph I will be providing the health promotion definition along with expressing the importance for patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. My second paragraph will display the pathophysiology to help comprehend how this health challenge is present in the body. Health promotion interventions will also be incorporated with ideas and specific information to aid individuals in promoting health and preventing development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]
778 words (2.2 pages)
- About Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus is commonly known as diabetes. It is usually chronic and affects the body’s ability to regulate sugar (WebMD,2016). This disease has three types; type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational. These three types are different from one another in how they affect a person and for how long. This disease, if not properly addressed, can have very serious side effects that can cause problems for an individual that has diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented or at the very least controlled through proper nutrition and exercise.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction As the seventh leading cause of death, diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease that requires a lifelong behavioral and lifestyle changes. For all types of diabetes, the main features is chronic hyperglycemia resulting from problems with insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disorder in which the pancreas makes less insulin over time. Children with type 2 diabetes have a reduced ability for most cells to respond to insulin, poor control over liver glucose output, and decrease beta-cell function, eventually leading to beta-cell failure.... [tags: Obesity, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]
1156 words (3.3 pages)