Elephantiasis can also occur in the absence of parasitic infection. This nonparasitic form of elephantiasis is known as “nonfilarial elephantiasis” or “podoconiosis”, and areas of high prevalence have been documented in Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia. Podoconoisis is a disease of the lymph vessels of the lower extremities that is caused by chronic exposure to irritant soils. Nonfilarial elephantiasis is thought to be caused by persistent contact with irritant soils: in particular, red clays rich in alkali metals such as sodium and potassium and associated with volcanic activity.
In areas where filariasis is endemic, the most common cause of elephanti...
... middle of paper ...
...ges to reduce swelling, surgically removing of the infected tissue and giving medications to kill microfilariae circulating in the blood stream.
• Elephantiasis. May 16, 2012. Retrieved, from WebMD website:
• Elephantiasis-what is elephantiasis? (2014, January 12). Retrieved from:
• Lymphatic filariasis. (March, 2013). Retrieved from:
• Pathogenesis and Treatment of Chronic Symptoms with Emphasis on Chyluria and
Elephantiasis. (March, 2011). Retrieved from:
• Podoconiosis: endemic non-filarial elephantiasis. (2009). Retrieved from:
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