Pathogenesis and Treatment of Chronic Symptoms with Emphasis on Chyluria and Elephantiasis

Pathogenesis and Treatment of Chronic Symptoms with Emphasis on Chyluria and Elephantiasis

Length: 1023 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Elephantiasis is a condition in which a limb or other part of the body becomes grossly enlarged due to obstruction of the lymphatic system, typically by the nematode parasites that cause Filariasis. Filariasis is a tropical disease caused by the presence of filarial worm, if a person contracts the disease, this one can later develop elephantiasis. Another term of elephantiasis is Lymphatic Filariasis, which is a parasitic disease caused by the African eye worm, a microscopic thread-like worm: thread worms are small, thin and white, they infect the human intestines; more common in children but anyone of any age can be affected by it. This disease is transmitted from host to host by blood-feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitos. They are various filarial nematodes using humans as their absolute host. Lymphatic Filariasis is cause by the worms Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. These worms occupy the lymphatic system, including the lymph nodes. In the most severe cases, these worms lead to the disease elephantiasis.
Elephantiasis can also occur in the absence of parasitic infection. This nonparasitic form of elephantiasis is known as “nonfilarial elephantiasis” or “podoconiosis”, and areas of high prevalence have been documented in Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia. Podoconoisis is a disease of the lymph vessels of the lower extremities that is caused by chronic exposure to irritant soils. Nonfilarial elephantiasis is thought to be caused by persistent contact with irritant soils: in particular, red clays rich in alkali metals such as sodium and potassium and associated with volcanic activity.
In areas where filariasis is endemic, the most common cause of elephanti...


... middle of paper ...


...ges to reduce swelling, surgically removing of the infected tissue and giving medications to kill microfilariae circulating in the blood stream.







References

• Elephantiasis. May 16, 2012. Retrieved, from WebMD website:
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/elephantiasis
• Elephantiasis-what is elephantiasis? (2014, January 12). Retrieved from:
http://www.newsmedical.net/health/Elephantiasis-What-is-Elephantiasis.aspx
• Lymphatic filariasis. (March, 2013). Retrieved from:
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs102/en/
• Pathogenesis and Treatment of Chronic Symptoms with Emphasis on Chyluria and
Elephantiasis. (March, 2011). Retrieved from:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3153157/
• Podoconiosis: endemic non-filarial elephantiasis. (2009). Retrieved from:
http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/podoconiosis/en/


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Salmonella – description, pathogenesis, symptoms Essay

- Salmonella – description, pathogenesis, symptoms Salmonella is a gram-negative bacillus that causes inflammation of the GI tract and in some cases, if the immune response is not sufficiently powerful and treatment is not administered, can become systemic and cause even more serious conditions throughout the body. After ingestion, these bacteria cause infection by invading the epithelial cells of the small intestine and macrophages. Though there are more than two thousand different subspecies of Salmonella, few of them are able to cause serious conditions in humans—for most, the disease resolves itself in a matter of days....   [tags: Medicine Food Poisoning Illness]

Strong Essays
2911 words (8.3 pages)

Type II Diabetes: Symptoms and Treatment Essay

- Type II diabetes, or also commonly known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a condition that affects the body’s main source of energy, called glucose which is the sugar used in cellular respiration to produce ATP for the body to function. This type of diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes this energy source. It affects both men and women, mostly adults, but with the increase of childhood obesity in the past years, the probability of obese children getting the condition is also on the rise....   [tags: Description, Treatment, Prevention]

Strong Essays
1469 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Pathology, Presentation, and Treatment of Meningitis

- Meningitis by definition is the inflammation of the meninges, the three layered protective membrane that surrounds the central nervous system. The meninges are comprised of the Dura mater, the Arachnoid mater, and the innermost Pia mater. It is of utmost importance to determine if bacteria, virus, fungus, toxins, or parasites, caused the inflammation, and treat the microorganism quickly and efficiently to give the best prognosis. It is of utmost importance to determine the cause of inflammation (i.e....   [tags: meningitis, infection, symptoms, treatment]

Strong Essays
743 words (2.1 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Cancer Treatments Essay

- ("Melanoma - SkinCancer.org"). When taking cancer treatments always be aware that there will be side effects. The side effects affect healthy tissues or organs. They might vary depending on the person, even among those receiving the same treatment. The type of treatments that are received, as well as the amount or frequency of the treatment, age, and other health conditions the person might have been also factors into the side effects that they may have. Common side effects caused by cancer treatments include : Anemia, Appetite Loss, Bleeding and Bruising, Constipation, Diarrhea, Edema, Fatigue, Hair Loss, Infection and Neutropenia, Lymphedema, Memory or Concentration Problems, Mouth and Th...   [tags: Cancer, Leukemia, Bone marrow, Metastasis]

Strong Essays
1384 words (4 pages)

Pathophysiology Of The Pathogenesis Of Pathogenesis Essay

- Related Issues Pathophysiology T2DM pathogenesis is complex and involves the interaction of environmental and genetic risk factors which strongly contribute to the development of insulin resistance within the liver and muscle, and the failure of β-cell (D’Adamo & Caprio, 2011). Initially, the β-Cell dysfunction is entails the impairment during the first phase of insulin secretion. The trans-membranous glucose transport determines whether insulin will respond. Glucokinase increases as a result of the activation of the glucose or glucose sensor complex....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]

Strong Essays
1369 words (3.9 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease Varicella Essay

- The disease Varicella is a very transmittable disease, as the varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes it. Varicella attacks the human’s nervous system and debilitates it. Like many viruses, VZV, enters the body through airborne viral particles from another infected person. “The new host breathes in the virus, which enters the mucous membrane in a person’s respiratory tract and begins to spread without its envelope from cell to cell” (Dougherty, 2002). Every virus has a specific cell it adheres to and attacks in order to invade the human system, VZV, attacks T cells....   [tags: Chickenpox, Herpes zoster, Immune system]

Strong Essays
1058 words (3 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Tuberculosis Essay

- ASA College Tuberculosis MED200 – M01 MERCEDES GUARTAN Summer 2015   Tuberculosis begins as a contamination which then prompts the malady stage which is haunting and can be spread effortlessly. Tuberculosis disease generally begins in the lungs. Having the disease in your body doesn 't mean the microscopic organisms can give you indications of infection. Sometimes the microbes stays snoozing for a considerable length of time, this is the reason it is known as the tuberculosis disease. On the off chance that tuberculosis contamination isn 't found on time and not treated legitimate prescription the microorganisms can develop and spread to distinctive parts of the body....   [tags: Tuberculosis, Bacteria, Tuberculosis treatment]

Strong Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Essay

- Diseases are inevitable. They can be passed down from generation to generation. Sometimes they just form from a mistake during the regeneration of cells within your body. Even if a person gets the proper nutrition and exercise, cells and organ systems can still fail to work properly. There are many diseases that affect humans daily. Some of these diseases are known and have ways to be treated. Treatment does not always mean that there is a cure to the disease; it may just mean there is a way to manage and live with the disease....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin resistance]

Strong Essays
2166 words (6.2 pages)

Essay about Bacterial Meningitis: Pathogenesis, Assessment Findings, and Treatments

- Meningitis is described as the infection/inflammation of the meninges, which is the layer that covers the brain and the spinal cord in the central nervous system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.). Several types of meningitis can occur. Of these are bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic, or toxic (Huether, McCance, 2008). Most people who contract viral meningitis are said to make a full recovery and fungal meningitis generally occurs in people with an impaired immune system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.)....   [tags: brain, spinal cord, nervous system]

Strong Essays
1315 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

- Introduction Tuberculosis is among the fatal diseases that are spread through the air. It’s contagious, meaning that it spreads from one infected individual to another, and at times it spreads very fast. In addition to being contagious, the disease is an opportunist infection as it takes advantage of those with weak defense mechanism, and especially the ones with terminal diseases like HIV and AIDS. Tuberculosis is therefore among the major concerns for the World Health Organization due to its contagious nature (World Health Organization 1)....   [tags: Tuberculosis Treatments]

Strong Essays
1488 words (4.3 pages)