The Path to Extinction for Rain Forests Essay

The Path to Extinction for Rain Forests Essay

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Rainforests are defined by an excessive amount of rainfall. They are extremely vital organs of the global ecosystem and are responsible for nearly a third of the world’s oxygen provision. With over 30 million different species of plants and animals, they are believed to be the eldest and most complex land based ecosystems on the globe. Rainforests can be thought of as massive sponges, which suck up over half of the world’s rainfall and then release it back into the air in the forms of giant compounds of mist and water vapor. Throughout the 20th century tropical rainforests have become subject to great agricultural clearances and logging, which have shrunken the occupancy of rainforests dramatically. This can clearly be seen in West Africa where 90% of the original rainforest has been lost and on Madagascar where two thirds of the rainforest has been cut down. At the current rate scientists have estimated that it is only a matter of ten years before the Indonesian forest is completely gone and 13 to 16 years before the rainforest of New Guinea has followed its path to extinction.
Deforestation of the rainforest deal with lethal threats to the animals and the climate, Edward Osborne Wilson, biologist at Harvard University has said that 50,000 species could become extinct each year. He is also worried that due to the habitat destruction, that is deforestation of the rainforest, a quarter or more of the world’s animal species could become extinct within the coming 50 years.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has defined deforestation a process in which natural forests are cut down through burning or logging, “either to use the timber or to replace the area for alternative uses”. According to WWF “Deforestation continues to be an ur...


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...people who are dependent on the tropical forest. The predicament becomes weather or not the world is willing to do without palm oil, coffee beans, and cocoa beans. The rate of which the forest is transformed into palm oil or other forms of profit generating businesses is equivalent to the escalating demand for the goods listed above. At the same time, other arguments suggest that every state should possess the right to administer their own resources and that external forces should not participate in the national decision-making processes of independent nations. Hence, proposing that cutting down rainforest should be a local or national matter not to be interfered with by other governing powers. This is by the same logic that few arguments have been presented concerning Norway’s extraction of oil, despite it contributing to less than positive environmental effects.

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