With the development of society and economic, public participation has been a popular topic which attracted people from different fields. On the basic of various theories of urban planning, a great amount of market economy countries have successively established public participation system in the field of urban planning. These successful experiences provide a good guide for China urban planning to use for reference, the changes in Chinese politics, economic system and social culture also provide an opportunity to do a new change on urban planning system of China. This article mainly introduces three planning theories which represent different degrees of participation in urban planning, and then an analysis of these three theories in connection to the status of urban planning of China will be provided. At the end of this article, I will give out several improvements in relation to the issues in urban planning of China.
Rational-comprehensive planning theory
Auguste Comte has offered rational-comprehensive planning theory in 18th century, who first put forward the concept of the theory. He believes that people could realize a superior state of civilization with the help of science of technology and sociology，which is still the mainstream urban planning thought by now (Mäntysalo, 2005). The core thought of the theory of rational-comprehensive planning is the combination of the approaches of classical science with the studies of society and social phenomena. Comte stated that planners should be the neutral observers who should seek for the truth of knowledge (Mäntysalo, 2005). In another way, it is necessary for planners to keep comprehensive when they are planning in ...
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Planning in China
Improvements on urban planning of China
Banfield, Edward C. (1973): “Ends and Means in Planning”, in A Reader in Planning Theory, edited by Andreas Faludi. Pergamon, Oxford, pp. 139-49
Friedmann John (1987): Planning in the Public Domain. From Knowledge to Action. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey
Forester, John (1987): ”Planning in the Face of Conflict: Negotiation and Mediation Strategies in Local Land Use Regulation”, Journal of American Planning
MÄNTYSALO, R., 2005: Approaches to Participation in Urban Planning Theories. In: ZETTI, I.; BRAND, S. (eds) Rehabilitation of suburban areas – Brozzi and Le Piagge neighbourhoods. Department of Technology of Architecture and Design. University of Florence.
Forester, John (1989): Planning in the Face of Power. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles
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