Both the parliamentary and presidential constitutional systems of government are popular choices of democratic countries around the world. Nevertheless, despite their core similarities, each form of government poses unique ideologies of representation, as well as methods of conducting the business of governing. Circumstance leads to the organization of a representative body given the power to make and enforce law, as well as a basic mutual agreement between the people and their government. The end result of this agreement is a system of government unique to the culture, values, and circumstance of a population. This concept leads to unique principles exemplified by each country 's style of government in democratic societies and is specifically responsible for the birth of both the parliamentary and presidential constitutional systems of government and the ways in which they differ from each other.
Perhaps the greatest and most recognizable difference between parliamentary and presidential constitutional systems lies in the power of the comparative executive authorities. In a parliamentary system of government, the president or prime minister generally lacks the power of their counterpart in the presidential constitutional system and is not considered the head of state. The reasoning behind this is that the executive leader of a parliamentary constitutional system is not elected by popular vote but rather by his or her fellow party members that make up a majority in parliament. (slide 23 of 40, The United Kingdom (Great Britain): The Classic Parliamentary Model, Dr. Wood) Because of this, the prime minister or president of a parliamentary constitutional system does not have a 'popular mandate ' through which to justify his or her...
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... presidential system of government, the power of an executive leader’s cabinet is non-existent, which in a way provides stability to the executive branch and allows the executive leader to focus on important issues rather than waste time attempting to maintain positive relations with his cabinet or political party. Finally, the separation of powers that exist in the presidential system of government is unheralded. The founding fathers of the presidential system attempted to create a system in which no particular branch of government held exponential power over the other. This system of checks and balances is beyond needed in a world where politics is generally a game of corruption and political leaders are in an overwhelming position to take advantage of their constituents. Overall, it is my opinion that the presidential system protects better protects democracy.
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