At three months of age, it is recommended that babies sleep in their own room. If the infant is still sleeping in their parent’s room at six months they may become dependent on the arrangement and would make it more difficult in future endeavors to change this prearrangement. In most cultures, children have a bedtime ritual or routine before they go to sleep e.g. Brushing their teeth, praying, a story, a lullaby or goodnight cuddles.
Cultural values within different societies are based on collectivism and individualism. In industrial western society like North America, parent’s impose individualism to instill early independence and in non-industrial societies like Southeastern Mexico, parents believe collectivism builds the bond between them and their child and helps their child learn the ways of the people around them (Morelli, cited in Berk 2012, p.173).
Cosleeping is a popular variant amongst 90% of the world. Parent – infant cosleeping is typical throughout diverse cultures. The baby lies next to their parent from infancy to early childhood and many continue to do so until adolescence with the parent or family member (Takahash, cited in Berk 2012, p. 173). Over the past two decades cosleeping has increased in western society. Cosleeping is believed to help infants sleep better, it is more convenien...
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... Services National Law and the Education and Care Services National Regulations (Regulation 81. p.55). ACT, Australia: ACECQA.
Berk.L.E,. (2012). Infants, Children and Adolescents. 7th ed. Boston, MA, USA: Pearson Education Inc.
McKenna, James J., Ph.D. (2014). Cosleeping around the world. Retrieved from http://www.naturalchild.org/james_mckenna/cosleeping_world.html
National Sleep Foundation, (2013), Sleep topic – Children and sleep. Retrieved from http://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-topics/children-and-sleep/page/0,2/
Raising Children Network. (2014). Toddler: Sleep. Retrieved from
SIDS and Kids. National Scientific Advisory Group (NSAG), (2007), Information Statement: Sleeping with a baby. Retrieved from
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