The authoritative, which include warmth and responsiveness, allow children to express their concerns and wishes, and discuss disagreements with parent to find a solution. Parent set rules and limitations, but the limitations can be amended. This type of reciprocal parenting creates children who are self-confident and independent. The opposite of this parenting style is authoritarian, a demanding, and controlling parenting style. This type of parenting is very parent centered, and there is little or no discussion between the parent and child. Maccoby and Martin (1983) characterize authoritarian parenting as “attempting to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of their children in accordance with an absolute set of standards.” These types of parent demand that their child follows the rules, and the child’s thoughts on the rules are meaningless. There is no type of reciprocal relationship, it is all one sided.
Baumrind, D. (1967). Childcare practices anteceding 3 patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic
Psychology Monographs, 75, 43-88.
Maccoby, E., & Martin, J. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child
interactions. In E.M. Hetherington (Ed.) Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4
Socialization personality and social development (pp. 1-101)....
... middle of paper ...
...g this period will develop more intimate peer relationships, and can even establish their spirituality. The transition from early to late adulthood, allows an individual to become more self-confident, and reliant. Since a person is becoming more self-sufficient, their definition of self with the family structure also changes. During this period, a person goes from being a part of one family, to now having their own family. In one family they are a brother, sister, son or daughter, and then in their new family, they are a mom, dad, husband or wife. People in this period are redefining themselves, and negotiating new rules.
McGoldrick, M., Carter, B., & Garcia-Preto, N. (2011). Overview: The life cycle in its changing
context: Individual, family and social perspectives. The expanded family life cycle: Individual, family, and social perspectives. New York, NY: Pearson
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