Parental Supervision and Adolescent Drinking Behavior Essay

Parental Supervision and Adolescent Drinking Behavior Essay

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I. Hypothesis.

The purpose of this research is to find out if parental supervision has an influence in
adolescents’ drinking behavior.
II. Literature Review.
Research suggests that parents play an important role in the lives of children. Some of these parents have a negative or positive influence on the lives of the children. Shin, Edwards, Heeren, & Amodeo (2009) stated that in the United Stated nearly 3.3 million referrals were made to state and local child protective services (CPS) for assessment or investigation in 2006. Out of these million referrals, 905, 000 were judged to be victims of child abuse or neglect. Childhood maltreatment has been associated to alcohol abuse. “Although many studies have found a relationship between childhood maltreatment and the risk of alcohol abuse and its dependence in adulthood, few studies have examined this relationship within an adolescent population” (p.226).
Previous studies between childhood abuse and alcohol problems increase the likelihood for drinking alcohol during adolescence about two to three-fold. Shin et al. (2009) reported that among 2,187 adolescents in 10th through 12th grades, adolescent who had been sexually abused were three times more likely to drink alcohol that those who were not abused. Another study, the ACE study which is an Adverse Childhood Experience, also reported that adolescents who had been abused as a child were 2.1 to 2.8 times more likely to begin drinking by the age of 14.
These adolescents who had a child abuse history take alcohol as a self-medication in an attempt to cope with the effects triggering, and memories associated with the abuse. A major concern about alcohol drinking in adolescent is whether child’s abuse in...


... middle of paper ...


...rent or Guardian and Adolescent Alcohol Use. The AmericanJournal on Addictoions, 18, 226-234.
Williams, R. J., Nigg, C. R., Kittinger, D. S., & Eller, L. N. (2010). The Impact of Parent-Child Discussions and Parent Restrictions on Adolescent Alcohol Consumption. A Journal of Asia Pacific Medicinal Journal, 69 (6), 144-146.
Florida Alcohol Statistics. (n.d). Retrieved July 27, 20011 from
http://www.usnodrugs.com/alcohol-statistics.htm
Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey (FYSAS). (2009). Retrieved July 28, 2011 from http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/publications/fysas/09Survey/2009%20FYSAS %20State%20Report%20(Final).pdf pp.23-24
Stattin, H., Koutatis, N., & Kerr, M. (2008). Reducing Youth Alcohol Drinking Through a
Parent-Targeted Intervention: The Orebro Prevention Program. Addiction Research Report,
103 (10), 1629-37.

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