Paralyzed Witnesses : The Murder They Heard Was Written By Stanley Milgram And Paul Hollander

Paralyzed Witnesses : The Murder They Heard Was Written By Stanley Milgram And Paul Hollander

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The essay Paralyzed Witnesses: The Murder They Heard was written by Stanley Milgram and Paul Hollander. In this essay, the authors describe in detail the responses of the witnesses during the murder of Kitty Genovese and the impact this case has of the ability for an individual to help people during a time of distress. The main idea of this essay was to analyze the reasons why the witnesses did not help during the murder. The internal and external conflicts were the main factors that influenced the witnesses did not help Genovese during her time of need.
According to the article, Altruism and helping behavior, it is common for people to help others. Altruism is defined as “the desire to help another person even if it doesn’t benefit the helper” (Altruism and Helping Behavior. Print.). Helping behavior is “any act that is intended to benefit another person” (Altruism and Helping Behavior. Print.). The author states that the reason an individual helps another person is due to empathy; “the ability to feel another person’s feelings or emotions” (Altruism and Helping Behavior. Print.). An individual is taught from their parents or guardians how to feel empathy for others which leads to the child in the future to want to help others. People also help others because it makes them feel good about themselves. Some children are not taught to feel empathy or good about themselves when helping others which would lead to the child to want to harm people, not want to help others, and only think of themselves rather than others. This can conclude that “altruism is associated to people who are not too self-centered to help others” (Altruism and Helping Behavior. Print.). The purpose of this article was to state the reasons why people help other...


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...esses: The Murder They Heard. Print.). The witnesses thought that someone else who is around would help Genovese, so they did not help her. The chose to help or not to help leads the witness to feel internal conflict because they have to decide whether they should do the right thing and help Genovese or to “let someone else help her”. Many people also chose to not help Genovese due to the fear of the event occurring.
The choices of the witnesses had a great impact on Genovese. During the event, the witnesses faced internal and external conflict on whether to help. The recognition of Genovese’s need for help, the attractiveness of Genovese, familiarity of the scene of the crime, the streets, and the presence of others were the major conflicts the witnesses were faced during the event. The witnesses’ choice to not help during the crime lead to the murder of Genovese.

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