The Pantheon in Rome and the Parthenon in Athens are 2 very influential structures and architectural breakthrough milestones in the history of humanity. They have inspired designers and architects of all generations since their erection and continue to draw visitors to admire and study their majestic natures.
There are varying similarities seen in the forms of the buildings along with their original purposes. One similarity is the context for why both structures were built. They were both created as places of worship for the gods. In Athens, a statue of Athena was placed in the Parthenon and she was worshiped for her victory in battle. Where as in Rome, the Pantheon was built to worship many gods and emperor deities. These figures again would have been placed inside and visible to the visitors coming to pay respects. Because of this context as places of worship, both buildings were made as strong, towering structures with huge ceilings and columns to elongate their magnitude. They were made to be eternal and provide a place of worship for as long as humanity.
But of course, as they were built by different civilizations at different points in history, there are differences between the two structures as well. More similarities and differences will be outlined in the narrative below.
This huge structure was built between 447-432 BC. The building still stands present and central in the Athens skyline for everyone to see it up on the hill. The Greeks put meticulous mathematical and engineering planning and thought into this structure. This included geometric calculations to avoid 90 degree angles so the structure is more appealing to the eye. It also included bowing and resizing the colum...
... middle of paper ...
... give insight into how cultures changed over time.
It is important to note that over the centuries, historic events have ruined and changed the structures of these buildings. Taking away many details and pieces of even more majestic buildings. For example, the top of the Parthenon had many sculptures with stories and people depicted. But through time and religious iconify these were destroyed. In comparison, it can be seen in the 1863 painting of the Pantheon that there were bell towers high above the roof of the structure. These have been leveled and removed, changing the façade of the building.
These changes though are often documented in other texts and writings. Historians can piece together the society and culture in which the buildings were made. For what purpose they served and how such massive and powerful structures could be build with just man power.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome In 500-323 B.C. Which is the classical age of Greek Civilization. During this time, they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persians (Peace treaty in 449 B.C.). Democracy as a form of government was developed in Athens as a virtue for individual citizens in a society where individuals are treated equal, also they still worship and reference their gods. The Greeks place so much importance to their past because they use it as motivation to reach a greater height in the future, this is based on their culture and as a value for humans.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Parthenon, Pantheon]
882 words (2.5 pages)
- Architecture is closely connected with the history of human society. All stages of world civilization are reflected in monuments . The Greeks , as well as a huge number of the Romans worshiped deities. They appealed to him with prayers and offerings to them . Most people believed that each of them a special patron god or goddess . In honor of the gods were built majestic temples . Construction of temples and has generated has developed art forms , which then moved to the facilities of various kinds.... [tags: greeks, monuments]
688 words (2 pages)
- The Beauty of the Pantheon and the Parthenon If I showed you pictures of the Parthenon and Pantheon, would you get them confused. Well, I sure did at first, but then realized a lot of people do because they look almost alike. Well I am going to tell you today that they are two completely different, yet monumental pieces of architecture. To start off I want to look at the Parthenon and then finish with the Pantheon. So let's begin. The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power.... [tags: Compare Contrast Architecture Art]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- The Greek Parthenon vs the Roman Pantheon Imagine asking a five-year-old to draw a picture of a house. A native Floridian probably wouldn’t draw the typical split-plan design with a tile roof and a screened-in lanai. The extent of the child’s artistic ability would probably consist of a box with a triangle on top of it. As fundamental as it sounds, the use of this structure has a long history dating back to ancient Greece. The classical Greek temple, the Parthenon, made use of this design and influenced (the still rather different) Roman Pantheon.... [tags: Architecture Design Compare Contrast]
767 words (2.2 pages)
- ... It served as a gathering place, as well as a location for political debates; but its current tenant serves as a tourist destination. The Parthenon featured an octastyle, which was an eight-column arrangement at its end. Although the Parthenon gives the impression that it can be approached from all angles, it can only be accessed by two entrances. It is interesting how the Greeks added optical illusions and visual perceptions in their architecture. For example, the columns of the Parthenon are not vertical, but lean inwards to the cella (the corner columns).... [tags: parthenon, pantheon, pillars]
789 words (2.3 pages)
- ADV History of The Arts Religion was immensely significant during The Roman Empire, considering that the first Roman architects were priests. The priests would compose beautiful places exclusively for the gods. Many of these gods were those adapted from other cultures, like the greeks(JCPS). This prevented uprisings from conquered territories.The Romans used many of the Greeks ideas but they used their own new materials and ideas to make the Roman Empire one of the most famously known sites for their extraordinary architecture.(Moulton, 56 v.1) The local people would then worship at these places.... [tags: religion, roman temples]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- 1) The Parthenon was built to replace earlier temples of Athena which were famous during that period of time. The structure of the Parthenon consists of a rectangular floor with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade of columns extended around the entire construction. It has more than one entrance in which each one has an addition of six columns in the front. The Parthenon has two large rooms inside. The larger of the two interior rooms named ‘’The Naos’’, has a statue inside. The smaller room was practically used to save treasures.... [tags: Parthenon, Roman style]
876 words (2.5 pages)
- The ancient Greeks and Romans were perhaps two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. These two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a vast amount of prosperity within these two cultures. It is because of this prosperity that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and a variety of other fields. These two civilizations also produced some of the ancient world’s greatest writers, leaders, and philosophers.... [tags: literature, philosophy, democracy]
2014 words (5.8 pages)
- Greece and Rome through 1800 B.C. to 476 A.D. THE ANCIENT GREEKS AND ANCIENT ROMANS LIVED THROUGHOUT THE TIMES OF 800B.C. AND 476A.D. THE GREEKS WHO INHABITTED THE CITY-STATES OF SPARTA AND ATHENS, AND THE ROMANS WHO LIVED, OF COURSE, IN ROME. THE GREEKS AND ROMANS WERE DIFFERENT IN THEIR VIEWS OF RELIGION AS SEEN IN ARCHITECTURE, SCULPTURE AND PHILOSOPHY. ARCHITECTURE POST-MODERNISM CAN BE TRACED BACK TO THE SUPREME ARCHITECTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE GREEKS. THE GREATEST OF THESE WAS THE TEMPLE.... [tags: Ancient Greece Essays]
1176 words (3.4 pages)
The Differences Between The Parthenon And The Pantheon That Great And What Do They Say About Their Cultures?
- Introduction The Roman Pantheon, constructed around 126AD, and the Greek Parthenon constructed about 432BC, are famous not just because they are two of the few significant ancient temples that have survived mostly intact for thousands of years but because the offer a glimpse into the past of early Western civilizations. These temples were used by two different cultures and are constructed about 550 years apart, so it is expected that there would be differences. The question to be examined is – Are the differences between the Parthenon and the Pantheon that great and what do they say about their cultures.... [tags: Roman Empire, Greek mythology, Parthenon, Temple]
747 words (2.1 pages)