The Pantheon Of Rome And The Parthenon Essay

The Pantheon Of Rome And The Parthenon Essay

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Introduction

The Pantheon in Rome and the Parthenon in Athens are 2 very influential structures and architectural breakthrough milestones in the history of humanity. They have inspired designers and architects of all generations since their erection and continue to draw visitors to admire and study their majestic natures.



There are varying similarities seen in the forms of the buildings along with their original purposes. One similarity is the context for why both structures were built. They were both created as places of worship for the gods. In Athens, a statue of Athena was placed in the Parthenon and she was worshiped for her victory in battle. Where as in Rome, the Pantheon was built to worship many gods and emperor deities. These figures again would have been placed inside and visible to the visitors coming to pay respects. Because of this context as places of worship, both buildings were made as strong, towering structures with huge ceilings and columns to elongate their magnitude. They were made to be eternal and provide a place of worship for as long as humanity.



But of course, as they were built by different civilizations at different points in history, there are differences between the two structures as well. More similarities and differences will be outlined in the narrative below.



The Parthenon

This huge structure was built between 447-432 BC. The building still stands present and central in the Athens skyline for everyone to see it up on the hill. The Greeks put meticulous mathematical and engineering planning and thought into this structure. This included geometric calculations to avoid 90 degree angles so the structure is more appealing to the eye. It also included bowing and resizing the colum...


... middle of paper ...


... give insight into how cultures changed over time.



It is important to note that over the centuries, historic events have ruined and changed the structures of these buildings. Taking away many details and pieces of even more majestic buildings. For example, the top of the Parthenon had many sculptures with stories and people depicted. But through time and religious iconify these were destroyed. In comparison, it can be seen in the 1863 painting of the Pantheon that there were bell towers high above the roof of the structure. These have been leveled and removed, changing the façade of the building.



These changes though are often documented in other texts and writings. Historians can piece together the society and culture in which the buildings were made. For what purpose they served and how such massive and powerful structures could be build with just man power.

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