According to IUPAC names, ozone is the most commonly name used (ὄζειν) is derived from Greek word which is smell in English and its systematic names 1λ1, 3λ1-trioxidane and μ-oxidodioxygen. In 1840, Christian Friedrich Schönbein who proposed ozone as a distinct chemical substance and in 1867 it confirmed. Ozone is colorless or a little bit bluish gas. In addition, the difference between oxygen and ozone is that oxygen consists of two atoms, but ozone consists of three atoms of oxygen. In other word, when lone oxygen atom react with a breathable oxygen molecule to perform ozone.
The figure shown that ozone is a bent molecule and the distances between O-----O are 127.2 pm (1.272 Å), and the angel is 116.78°. Moreover, electrons of ozone are paired which means its diamagnatic while O2 is paramagnetic because it contains two unpaired electrons. Ozone is strong oxidizing agent, unstable at high concentrations and varying length half-life.
2 O3 → 3 O2
Here is list of reactions with ozone:
1- With metals:
Most metals could oxidized by ozone except (Au, Pt, Ir).
2 Cu++ 2 H3O++ O3 → 2 Cu2++ 3 H2O + O2
2- With carbon components and nitrogen:
Here ozone oxidizes NO to NO2:
NO + O3 → NO2 + O2
Also here NO2 can be oxidized:
NO2 + O3 → NO3 + O2
And here it can oxidize NH3 to NH4NO3, but it can’t react with NH4 salts:
2 NH3 + 4 O3 → NH4NO3 + 4 O2 + H2O
In room temperature, C can react with O3 to form CO2:
C + 2 O3 → CO2 + 2 O2
3- With sulfur components:
Ozone oxidizes S to SO4:
PbS + 4 O3 → PbSO4 + 4 O2
H2SO4 can be produced from ozone:
S + H2O + O3 → H2SO4
In the gas phase, O3 reacts with H2S to perform SO2:
H2S + O3 → SO2 + H2O
4- Combustion reactions with ozone:
3 C4N2 + 4 O3 → 12 CO + 3 N2
H + O3 → HO2 + ...
... middle of paper ...
Secondly, in customer, some devices generating high levels of ozone, some of which use ionization, are used to clean and refresh deserted buildings, rooms, ductwork, woodsheds, and boats and other vehicles. For example, one company has been positively selling a CPAP sanitizer for the CPAP gear used by sleep apnea patients. This sanitizer works by pumping high concentration levels of electrically generated ozone into the unit's humidification water tank and out through the hose into the mask, which is enclosed and closed in an ozone-capturing receptacle.
Thirdly, in agriculture, ozone application can cut pineapple and banana shows increase in flavonoids and total phenol contents when exposure is up to 20 minutes. Reduction in ascorbic acid content is observed but the optimistic effect on total phenol content and flavonoids can overcome the negative effect.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Talking about recycling is easy, actually enforcing the act is a bit harder. As I begin to become more aware of the reasons to recycle, I find myself taking the time to stop and think before I choose the garbage can or recycling bin. In its simplest form recycling is taking used products and instead of discarding them and finding ways to reuse (Strong, 1997).Though the long-term consequences of pollution is unknown, early indicators suggest consequences could devastate many life forms and pose many more health risks.... [tags: Benefits, Persuasive Essay]
708 words (2 pages)
- In many cultures, birth defects are considered a curse and are sought to be removed by some method: spiritually or by simply ignoring them. However, as science is improving and eyes are opening towards the topic of birth defects, more research has been conducted to understand and accept them. Since the 1960s, the federal government introduced ways that mentally ill patients could live outside a mental hospital, where they were confined from the general public, and live a normal life. Many communities and mental centers were built to allow continuous and efficient care for those patients from their homes.... [tags: society, shame, humiliation, defects]
1235 words (3.5 pages)
- Ozone Depletion and Industrial Output For years, we have heard about the ozone crisis: that because of industrialization and the lack of pollution-consciousness by our industries, governments, and academia, we have put so many environmentally harmful products into the atmosphere that our ozone – the good kind, the kind that protects us from harmful UV radiation – is becoming dangerously damaged. It is becoming thinner and developing holes, like the large hole over Antarctica. Predictions made expected the ozone hole to continue to increase and for the general thickness to get continuously thinner, so that the harmful UV rays of the sun would pass right through our atmosphere an... [tags: Ozone Layer Environmental Essays]
1055 words (3 pages)
- The ozone layer is a deep layer in the Earth’s stratosphere that has an altitude of about 6.2 miles and contains a high concentration of ozone molecules. The ozone layer shields the entire Earth from some of the harmful ultraviolet rays that come from the sun. The Earth’s atmosphere is composed of several layers, but the layer that we live in - the “troposphere” – is where most weather occurs. Above the troposphere is the stratosphere which is where most of the effects caused by ozone holes and global warming originate.... [tags: ultraviolet rays, ozone moleculas]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- Due to human activity, our planet has been slowly depleting over the years and has been recently increasing. The problems of global warming and climate change have risen due to the carelessness of the human population. Some of the problems happening to the planet is depletion of the ozone layer, the increase of endangered animals, and a decrease of natural resources. Many people fail to realize that our species is the reason this planet is dying. Increasing populations mean a higher demand for resources which will not be here forever.... [tags: Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Ozone depletion]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- Has a person ever woke up in the morning and walked outside only to find trash (i.e. a can, papers, or bags) thrown in their yard. A mess they did not make but are no responsible for cleaning up. Does not seem very fair to most people. Look at the way God may think. God looks down and sees the care his people puts into the very planet that He created for them. People burning things into the atmosphere ruining the protective ozone layer that is over the Earth. Some people do not even think that the ozone layer exists even though The United States and over 180 other countries, saw that certain chemicals were causing the layer to start breaking down.... [tags: Earth, Atmosphere, Sun, Ozone]
1217 words (3.5 pages)
- Global Effects of Ozone Depletion Ozone depletion in the earth’s atmosphere is under constant scrutiny by the American press and people. Perhaps the concern is warranted; the ozone layer protects life on earth by absorbing 97-99% of the damaging ultraviolet radiation from the sun (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2006). Over the past twenty years, the stratospheric ozone has decreased approximately 3% per decade. Possible concerns have been raised about loss of polar caps, DNA damage, increased human health risks, and environmental process disturbance.... [tags: Environment Ozone Layer Essays Papers]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Ozone Ozone (O3) is a molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms, similar to the oxygen we breathe (O2), however oxygen consists of only two oxygen atoms. In the stratosphere, a region high up in the upper atmosphere, light rays are responsible for the breaking down of oxygen (O2), breathable oxygen into its two separate oxygen atoms. Lone oxygen atoms are markedly reactive. When a lone oxygen atom comes into contact with a breathable oxygen molecule (O2) it combines to form ozone (O3). The ozone layer is a small residual amount of ozone concentrated in a band in the upper atmosphere.... [tags: Ozone Layer Oxygen Environmental Essays]
3919 words (11.2 pages)
- Ozone Ozone is an important molecule in maintaining the homeostasis in the environment. Ozone, the molecule O3, makes a layer in the stratosphere, situated 10 to 15 kilometers from the earth's surface. The dioxide molecule, O2 and Oxygen atom O, collide with each other result in the formation of Ozone, O3. In this reaction, the molecule O3 contains an excess of energy. Once the molecule is formed, it is not stable enough to last long. The energy-rich O3 molecules discards the excess energy by colliding with another atom or molecule and transferring the energy in the form of heat.... [tags: essays papers]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- Ozone Triatomic oxygen, O3, is most commonly known as ozone. It has a resonance structure, and can be drawn in two different ways: O=O- O-O=O It is a bluish, explosive gas at room temperature, and has a boiling point of -119°C. It has a melting point of -193°C, and is a blue liquid. It's critical temperature and pressure are -12.1°C and 53.8 atm, respectively. It has a pleasant odor in concentrations of less than 2 ppm, and is irritating and injurious in higher concentrations.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
853 words (2.4 pages)