Overview of South Africa Essay

Overview of South Africa Essay

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South Africa as the name sounds is located at the south side of Africa (CIA). It is about the size of Columbia (CIA). A country that rest between two great oceans, South Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. Being partially surrounded; West, East and South, by water. It is regarded as the 25th largest nation in the world with a population of 48.6 million people (CIA). The average temperature for the country is warm, in the winter it’s dry and sunny, and in the summer it’s wet, rainy. The country is a diversified society that comprises of various cultures and demographics.
Demographics: South Africa has a lot of history as to how they came to be. They were first discovered by a Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1487, the Dutch East Indian group settled in the country with aims of conducting business. The Dutch people sought power and used whatever means necessary to achieve it (Byrnes, pg. 138).
Below is the 2011 census that describes the percentage of citizens in South Africa.

Population group Number % of total
African 41 000 938 79.2%
White 4 586 838 8.9%
Colored 4 615 401 8.9%
Indian/Asian 1 286 930 2.5%
Other 280 454 0.5%
TOTAL 51 770 560 100%
Table 1 www.southafrica.info

South Africa has 11 official languages, of which 6 are used more often; English, Africans, IsiXhosa, IsiZulu, Sepedi, and Sesotho. The English language is often used in business transactions and to make policies. Table 2 displays a better understanding to this spoken languages.

Language Number of speakers* % of total
Afrikaans 6 855 082 13.5%
English 4 892 623 9.6%
IsiNdebele 1 090 223 2.1%
IsiXhosa 8 154 258 16%
IsiZulu 11 587 374 22.7%
Sepedi 4 618 576 9.1%
Sesotho 3 849 563 7.6%

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... World Fact book." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 16 Jan. 2014. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.
"Corruption by Country / Territory." Transparency International. N.P., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.
"Doing Business in South Africa - World Bank Group." Doing Business in South Africa - World Bank Group. International Finance Corporation and World Bank, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.
"Expat Guide: South Africa." Expat Guide: South Africa. N.P., n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014
"People | Statistics South Africa." Statistics South Africa. N.P., n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014. [Table 1 & 2]
"South Africa." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.
"SouthAfrica.info." South Africa's Population. SouthAfrica.info, 7 Nov. 2012. Web. 26 Jan. 2014. [Table 1 & 2]
Byrnes, Rita M. South Africa: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Division, 1997. Print.

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