Overview of Sleepwalking Essay

Overview of Sleepwalking Essay

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Many people have heard of sleepwalking, otherwise known as “somnambulism”, and even know about symptoms that surround the disorder (National Sleep Foundation/ Sleepwalking, 2013, para 1). Some “symptoms of sleepwalking include: sleeptalking, occurring within the first few hours, little or no memory of sleepwalking, screaming, and actions of inappropriate behavior” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleepwalking, 2013, para 6). There is there more to the story than just waking up during the night and walking around in an unconscious state. Sleepwalking is a “parasomnia” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleep and Parasomnias, 2013, para 1). Parasomnias occur when an individual has an abrupt, partial awakening from deep sleep and performs “complex behaviors while asleep” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleepwalking, 2013, para 1). When discussing sleepwalking, one must understand whom most commonly experiences somnambulism, what causes it, ways to treat sleepwalking and techniques to prevent sleepwalking from happening.
Children are the ones who most frequently experience sleepwalking (Mindell & Owens, 2003, p. 270). It is common for many children to walk “staggered and clumsy with the child having a blank expression on their face” (Clements, & Kravitz, 2007, para 19). Most episodes of sleepwalking last around thirty minutes but durations can vary (Clements, & Kravitz, 2007). As sleepwalking becomes most prevalent in children between four years old and eight years old, it is found that about fifteen to forty percent of children sleepwalk at least once in their lifetime and around three or four percent of these children will have very frequent events of sleepwalking (Clements, & Kravitz, 2007). “Preschoolers and school-aged children” are the most likel...

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... http://www.sleepfoundation.org/ article/ ask-the-expert/sleep-and-parasomnias
National Sleep Foundation. (2013). Sleepwalking. Disorder causes & solutions.
Retrieved January 8, 2014, from http://www.sleepfoundation.org/article/sleep-related-problems/sleepwalking
Reid, Ahmed, & Levie. (1981). Treatment of sleepwalking: A controlled
study. American journal of psychotherapy, 35(1), 27.
Schenck, C. (2007). Risk factors. Sleep: The mysteries, the problems, and the solutions
(p. 104). New York: Avery.
WebMD. (2013). Sleep disorders: Sleepwalking basics. Sleep disorders health center.
Retrieved January 9, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/sleepwalking-causes
WebMD. (2012). Sleep disorders and treatment for sleepwalking. Sleep disorders health
center. Retrieved January 11, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/how-is-sleepwalking-treated

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