Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (the fourth most prevalent psychiatric disorder), is an illness marked by the presence of either one or both of the criteria for having obsessive thoughts and repeating compulsive behaviors in order to repress the anxiety that the thoughts provoke. Since first being observed in the17th century, major developments have occurred in the diagnosis and treatment arenas of the illness. Furthermore, “obsessive-compulsive disorder is associated with substantial direct and indirect costs, which are compounded by an absence of recognition, and by under diagnosis and inappropriate treatment” (Stein, 2002). With continued research and development of new technological advancements such as brain imaging, further significant progress toward its understanding and treatment efficacy is expected.
Prior to being seen as a legitimate mental health issue, OCD was originally thought to be a consequence of unholy behavior first observed by Robert Burton as early as the seventeenth century. Although the discovery of the disorder cannot be narrowed down beyond its major contributors, Sigmund Freud (who originally suggested psychoanalytic treatment) made major progress toward the understanding of the illness in the beginning of the 20th century.
The known symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive disorder, as identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, include those of both obsessions and compulsions; as such, they may be categorized according to their prevalence. The common symptoms of obsessions (defined as: “uncontrollable, persistent thoughts, images, or impulses that an individual feels intrude upon his or her consciousness and that cause significant anxiety ...
... middle of paper ...
...M., & Coles, M. E. (2013). Failure and Delay in Treatment-Seeking Across Anxiety Disorders. Community Mental Health Journal, 668-674.
Murphy, T. R., Kurlan, R., & Leckman, J. (2010). The Immunobiology of Toureete's Disorder, Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcus, and Related Disorders: A Way Forward. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 317-331.
Stein, D. J. (2002). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Lancet, 397-405.
Thomsen, P. H. (2013). Obsessive–compulsive disorders. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, S23-S28.
Wettemeck, C. T., Teng, E. J., & Stanley, M. A. (2010). Treatment of OC-spectrum conditions. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 144-146.
Williams, N. R., & Okun, M. S. (2013). Deep brain stimulation (DBS) at the interface of neurology and psychiatry. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 4546-4556.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (the fourth most prevalent psychiatric disorder), is an illness marked by the presence of either one or both of the criteria for having obsessive thoughts and repeating compulsive behaviors in order to repress the anxiety that the thoughts provoke. Since first being observed in the17th century, major developments have occurred in the diagnosis and treatment arenas of the illness. Furthermore, “obsessive-compulsive disorder is associated with substantial direct and indirect costs, which are compounded by an absence of recognition, and by under diagnosis and inappropriate treatment” (Stein, 2002).... [tags: Healthcare, OCD]
2229 words (6.4 pages)
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder can be distressing and can cause dysfunction in people’s everyday lives. People all around the world suffer from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder no matter their gender, race, or culture. Children, teens, and adults could potentially gain OCD depending on the stressful situations that occur in their lives. People who suffer from this disorder often have uncontrollable thoughts of worry and anxiety that lead to actions and behaviors that become repetitive habits. The actions normally occur when people think that the worst possible things might happen to them.... [tags: obsessive, compulsive disorder, anxiety]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Washing and Constant Cleaning, an Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) Abstract Washing and constant cleaning, an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD often goes undiagnosed. Patients obsessively wash, check something or hoard things to relieve themselves of an overwhelming anxiety, and are fully aware their behavior is abnormal. This research studies a 23-year-old married woman who sought treatment for a severe washing and cleaning problem and how the patient was treated. I will discuss how the patient was diagnosed, and treated with a form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy or CBT (exposure and response treatment) and what medications can be used for treatment.... [tags: Obsessive-compulsive Disorder OCD]
1821 words (5.2 pages)
- Marina Eskandrous Senior Project: Assignment 1: Article: “Side effects of antidepressants: An Overview” According to the DSM5 major depressive describes a person who is in a depressed mood for most of the day, nearly everyday. The person also has a diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the time. There may be significant weight loss or gain as a result of decrease or increase of appetite, respectively. The person may also experience insomnia or hyper insomnia nearly everyday.... [tags: Antidepressant]
949 words (2.7 pages)
- Epidemiology At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event (such as a life-threatening assault or accident, humanmade or natural disaster, or war). As many as 67% of trauma survivors experience lasting psychosocial impairment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); panic, phobic, or generalized anxiety disorders; depression; or substance abuse.(Van der Kolk, et al, 1994) Symptoms of PTSD include persistent involuntary re-experiencing of traumatic distress, emotional numbing and detachment from other people, and hyperarousal (irritability, insomnia, fearfulness, nervous agitation).... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
723 words (2.1 pages)
- Some symptoms of Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are fear of germs, perfectionism, and rituals. When someone has OCD they are afraid of germs and might constantly be washing their hands or cleaning their room. Someone who suffers from OCD needs everything to be perfect and they might organize their closet by color size. Their rituals calm their anxiety. Certain rituals are things such as checking the stove a certain number of times to make sure it is off or tap their finger a number of times just because it makes them feel better.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1616 words (4.6 pages)
- Mental instability refers to mental health conditions that affects mood, behavior, and thinking. There are many disorders that affect these parts of people, In A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams, Blanche suffers from borderline personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). This is a direct result from not being able to cope with stress and emotional pain, she would much rather cover it up than to solve the problem. She develops these disorders as a direct result of psychological trauma she experienced when she was younger.... [tags: Borderline personality disorder, Mental disorder]
1242 words (3.5 pages)
- Background Information Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a disease that a lot of people suffer with in society especially young adults. While it is not a disease that is deadly, it does affect the victim in every day aspects of their life and can ultimately control their lives. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is defined by the National Institute of Mental Health as, “… a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over”.... [tags: Suicide, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]
2260 words (6.5 pages)
- Why would a person cleanse their hands with scolding hot water, and the rough side of a sponge until their hands become, raw, crack, and bleed in order to feel clean. This same person may check to make sure the kitchen knives are locked away 50 times a day to insure their child is not stabbed with one. This situation is very common in people who have severe Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that triggers people to have unwanted fixations and to repeat certain activities again and again.... [tags: Essays on Anxiety Disorders]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- A man lies down and begins to try and fall asleep but suddenly remembers that he cannot remember if he locked the doors to his house. He cannot fall asleep until he knows for sure all the doors are locked, so he proceeds to get up and check if every door is locked. He does this three times until he is finally comfortable enough to go to sleep. What could possibly be wrong with this man. This man most like has a disability called Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD. In the past, this man with OCD would have been considered extremely strange, but it is now known that OCD is somewhat common in today’s world.... [tags: Anxiety Disorder, Obsessions, Compulsions]
1390 words (4 pages)