Trauma can be defined as an “extreme, important event against a person’s body or self-concept” (Frideres, 2011, p. 80), and unless measures are taken to counteract the serious injury and harm caused by trauma it can result in the inability of a person to self-heal (Frideres, 2011). Trauma in Aboriginal people started happening over 500 years ago. This trauma is a result of cumulative emotional and psychological wounding resulting from massive group tragedies that have carried across generations (Wesley-Esquimaux & Smolewski, 2004). In the process of colonization Canada attacked the core of the Aboriginal peoples’ identity, their family, language, and spirituality. The term “soul-wound” has been used when describing the historical trauma felt from losing land, lifeways, and cultural as a whole (Frideres, 2011).
The period termed the “cultural transition” that happened soon after Aboriginal peoples made contact with the colonizers, was when they were initially stripped of their cultural authority and social power. Once Aboriginal peoples realized they had minimal control over the devastating events, they began to display behavioural patterns of helplessness and giving up (Wesley-Esquimaux & Smolewski, 2004). These behaviours of helplessness led to many of the Aboriginal peoples choosing to withdraw socially, reduce their cultural and spiritual activities, and engage in repetitive cycles of conflict. The continued acts of conflict in turn led to profound psychological problems (drug addiction, sexual abuse, alcoho...
... middle of paper ...
... tell us: Research findings
from the Sisters in Spirit initiative. Retrieved from http://www.nwac.ca/sites/default
Varcoe, C., & Dick, S. (2008). The intersecting risks of violence and HIV for rural Aboriginal
women in a neo-liberal Canadian context. Journal of Aboriginal Health, 4(1), 42-52.
Retrieved from http://www.naho.ca/jah/english/jah04_01/07ViolenceHIV_42-52.pdf
Wesley-Esquimaux, C. C., & Smolewski, M. (2004). Historic trauma and aboriginal healing/
prepared for the Aboriginal Healing Foundation by Cynthia C. Wesley-Esquimaux,
Magdalena Smolewski. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2004.
Wilson, A. (2005). Living well: Aboriginal women, cultural identity and wellness. Centres of
Excellence for Women's Health Research Bulletin, 4(2), 6-8. Retrieved from
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sometime I think about the problems and effects that colonialism have caused in the whole world. Is it good or bad. “Colonialism has always had a bad reputation” (1). I suppose in essence, for the people being colonized, it cannot be a good thing. The world wide scramble for colonies, particularly in the late 19 early 20th centaury, had a tremendous negative effects on the economic, social, and political structures of indigenous, non-industrialized people. The idea of colonialism is to take resources from one country to use for the benefit of the colonizing country.... [tags: Colonialism]
1363 words (3.9 pages)
- One Hundred Years of Trauma Trauma is a deeply disturbing and stressful life experience that many people face every day. It effects have been experienced millions of of people. Everyday, stories of people who feel the effects of past traumatic events in their present day life are published online, on television, on the radio, and even in movies. It is a hot topic in today 's society, because of how extremely tragic the effects are. Many scientist and social workers are trying to figure out how to lessen the effects of trauma in people who experience them.... [tags: Psychological trauma]
2588 words (7.4 pages)
- Journal Critique of Trauma and PTSD in patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder Destin Jones General Psychology Ms. Christian The overall problem expressed in this article is that the author believes that Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome or (PTSD) is under-diagnosed and put off to the side as a main concern. Though as it states in the article, Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome and Trauma have a high prevalence in patients that have a severe mental illness such as Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective disorder.... [tags: Psychological trauma]
895 words (2.6 pages)
- treehouserehab.org - How Single Event Traumas Can Lead To Addiction Sooner or later, we all through a traumatic event that makes life more difficult for us to handle. Trauma can be a sustained series of events (such as an abusive relationship) or a single event. Sadly, even a single traumatic event may compel someone to turn to drugs and alcohol. In fact, it can even cause to addiction to these substances, throwing a person 's life even further off track. Understanding how single event trauma can lead to addiction can help you fight back against this co-occurring disorder.... [tags: Psychological trauma]
1382 words (3.9 pages)
- Children can experience trauma in various ways, it may be exposure to a natural disaster, war or witnessing or being the victim of violence, or physical or sexual abuse. Accidents, whether it be in a vehicle, falling down and getting injured or medical procedures can be traumatic for a child. “One of every four children will experience a traumatic event before the age of 16. Children who suffer from child traumatic stress are those children who have been exposed to one or more traumas over the course of their lives and develop reactions that persist and affect their daily lives after the traumatic events have ended %) (The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2010, n.p)”.... [tags: Psychological trauma]
1940 words (5.5 pages)
- The difference between ‘normal’ distress and trauma. A History of Trauma research Psychological trauma has a long history dating back to Homer the "first teacher", of tragedy. As an etiological factor in mental disorders” ,“trauma....”was first reported by Janet in the 19th century (van der Kolk, 2004) doducmenting that a person stored traumatic memories differently to ordinary memories. Breuer and Freud (1895) – who were studing “hysteria” laregly agreed. Although the two men had slightly differing views about where and how a patient 's traumatic memories were stored Breuer; misplaced and inaccessible Freud; repressed (Leys, 2000) they both agreed that ‘hysteria’ whilst pathogenic in nature... [tags: Psychological trauma]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- Writer and philosopher Suzy Kassem once said, “Colonialism is the mother of terrorism.” Colonialism as portrayed in postcolonial texts is truly depicted as a root of terrorism: the act of instilling fear in citizens through means of brutal tactics in order to achieve a political goal. The “political goal” of the colonizers, the “terrorists”, is to essentially make the natives less savage and more humane, which they accomplish through “brutal tactics”. In these postcolonial texts, the verifications of the terrorism are more specifically shown through changes in native language and education, as characters in these readings are abused at school in addition to their languages being rejected due... [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- INTRODUCTION The incidence and epidemiological causes of maxillofacial trauma and facial fractures varies widely between different regions of the world due to social, economical, cultural consequences, awareness of traffic regulations and alcohol consumption. Reports from distinct regions in Turkey also have different etiological findings.[1, 2] According to the reports from developed countries [3-6] assault is the leading cause of facial fractures followed mostly by road traffic accidents, pedestrian collisions, stumbling, sports and industrial accidents.... [tags: facial fractures, maxillary traumas, injuries]
2278 words (6.5 pages)
- The way society is structured today, it is difficult to understand Colonialism for what it truly was. For example, A Stranger walks into a house and claims it is his, while he enslaves the real owners and demands they follow his rules. It might seem like an unlikely scenario, but about 400 years ago, this was reality. European countries such as Spain and England wanted to expand their territories and become the world powers. Explorers like Christopher Columbus, soon started declaring regions that they discovered in the name of their countries.... [tags: European History]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- Colonialism It is almost a given now that most everyone considers colonialism as a mistake. They thought that the spreading of ideas, culture, and religion would have a positive effect on the native cultures they colonized. In fact though, these changes had an adverse effect on the peoples of these countries. For although many laud the efforts of these countries to spread Christianity, some question the motives of these countries in dealing the everyday needs of these people. In seeing the natives as inferior the mother countries were able to justify their treatment of them.... [tags: Papers]
741 words (2.1 pages)