Overview of British Imperialism Essay

Overview of British Imperialism Essay

Length: 2240 words (6.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Overview of British Imperialism


Imperialism is when a world power colonizes a smaller country or kingdom, and then proceeds to exploit the land and resources of the kingdom or country. Through the majority of the 18th century, imperialism was a dominant force on global relations. During the peak of the Age of Imperialism, Queen Victoria and her British empire dominated the world. British Imperialism started in the late 1700’s because of population growth and the advances in technology industrialism that occurred during the Industrial Revolution. The areas that the British imperialized during this time period include India, a large part of Africa, and Australia.
The Industrial Revolution, a notable evolution in production technologies and specialized machineries, became one of the main causes of British imperialism. As the need for more advanced materials grew to support the Industrial Revolution, many nations sought foreign territory which could supply their quickly-growing demand. The Industrial Revolution allowed England to develop better weapons, such breech loading rifles and better ships which helped to conquer different territories. In addition, the British started colonizing and taking control of various countries because they provided new trade opportunities and more income for the mainland. Religion and social Darwinism played another major part in this global force, due to a belief that it was “the white man’s burden” to colonize and “modernize” the rest of the world which they saw as developmentally inferior.
Furthermore, the concept of Social Darwinism only grew as the exploration of the world quickly advanced . Social Darwinism is a perversion of the scientific concept of natural selection applied to real li...


... middle of paper ...


.... The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Marshall, Peter. "The British Presence in India in the 18th Century." BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/east_india_01.shtml (accessed April 4, 2014).
Nayar, Pramod K.. Colonial voices the discourses of empire. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
Proudfoot, Lindsay J., and Dianne Hall. Imperial spaces placing the Irish and Scots in colonial Australia. Manchester: Manchester University Press :, 2011.
Spielvogel, Jackson J.. Glencoe world history: modern times. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2005.
Streets, Heather. "The Rebellion of 1857: Origins, Consequences, and Themes ." South Dakota State University. http://www.sdstate.edu/projectsouthasia/Resources/upload/The-Rebellion-of-1857-Streets.pdf (accessed April 6, 2014).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Rise of Empire: British Imperialism

- The word 'Empire’ which was derived from the Latin word 'imperium', when first used in the English language, meant independence. It was under the rule of King Henry VIII that England was called an Empire which affirmed its 'spiritual and temporal independence'. (1) Imperialism, on the other hand, means 'the rule of the Empire'. But this is a simplistic understanding of the term, devoid of its complex layers of meaning given to it by historical events. The term 'colonialism' works to provide a better picture of the weight 'imperialism' holds in our times....   [tags: British Imperialism, colonialism, ]

Powerful Essays
1459 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Impact Of British Imperialism On The World

- The glorious British Empire, at its height the most powerful régime in the world. Just a small island off the western coast of Europe, Britain grew to the span across the entire globe, effectively creating am Empire where the sun never set. Colonization, industrialization and a sense of nationalistic destiny drove the once expansive Empire. We still see effects of British imperialism today, which our global economy, as well as national tensions that germinated as a result of decolonization. Moreover, industrial revolution and push for independence manifested as a result of British influence....   [tags: British Empire, United Kingdom, Imperialism]

Powerful Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

The Relationship Between Colonial Heritage Of African Nations And Their Subsequent Economic Development

- Is there a relationship between colonial heritage of African nations and their subsequent economic development. This paper will seek to expand upon studies that have sought to understand what if any relationships exists between democracy and colonial heritage (Lispet 1959). In examining the impact of colonial rule on the long term economic development of three African nations, I will seek to understand the how the colonial experiences of these nations has or has not had a long term impact on economic development....   [tags: Africa, Colonialism, Imperialism]

Powerful Essays
767 words (2.2 pages)

British Imperialism Exposed in Shooting an Elephant, by George Orwell Essay

- George Orwell was, without a doubt, one of the most influential authors of his time. His strong opposition to totalitarianism and imperialism made him one of the most recognizable names in literature during the 1900’s. Orwell spent 5 years as an imperial policeman in Burma, witnessing firsthand the effects of imperialism on the people of Burma (BBC). The insight he gained during those years made clear to him the injustices of colonization and fueled his opposition to totalitarianism....   [tags: British Imperialism Essays]

Powerful Essays
1479 words (4.2 pages)

The Colonization And Imperialist Exploitation Of India During British Rule

- There is no denying that the colonization and imperialistic exploitation of India during British rule led to the systematic disenfranchisement of an entire subcontinent. Furthermore, for decades, the people of India were effectively relegated to being secondary class subjects in their own country. The British relied on a strategy of pitting religious sects and ethnic groups against one another in order to divide an effective opposition to the their rule, moreover also relied on a network of regional puppet kings known as the raj to give the image of local autonomy when in reality the power at first laid in the British Indian Company and in the aftermath the Sepoy Rebellion the Imperial High...   [tags: India, British Empire, Colonialism, Imperialism]

Powerful Essays
1627 words (4.6 pages)

British Imperialism Essay

- Germany’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $3 235 billion per capita in comparison to Tanzania’s GDP of $800 per person. This statistic represents the economic impact of European imperialism on Tanzania’s economy in comparison to Germany. The impact of the European countries on their various colonies or former colonies, such as Canada, was based on the early idea of imperialism. The main goals of imperialism were to increase the empire’s standards of living, discover and gain new territory with natural resources....   [tags: Imperialism]

Powerful Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on World War II: Pacific Theater Overview and Japanese Cruelty

- World War II: Pacific Theater Overview and Japanese Cruelty Starting in the early 1930’s, the Japanese began to display their great imperialistic dreams with ambition and aggression. Their goal was to create a "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere" where they controlled a vast empire in the western Pacific.1 In September of 1939, Japan signed the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis Treaty, allying themselves with Germany and Italy in an effort to safeguard their interests in China from the Soviet Union. Japan’s only major obstacle left lay in the significant size of the United States Pacific Fleet....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Powerful Essays
2155 words (6.2 pages)

British Imperialism in China and Africa Essay

- British Imperialism in China and Africa The treatment of the Chinese by the British, during the take over of their country, was just like that of the Africans. The British took over the land and the government, took advantage of the people and exploited them for their resources. The English accomplished these things differently in each situation, but each time, the results were the same. One of the most important aspects of imperialism is the take over of government. The English accomplished this in several ways....   [tags: English Imperialism]

Free Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about British Imperialism in India

- British Imperialism in India "All the leadership had spent their early years in England. They were influenced by British thought, British ideas, that is why our leaders were always telling the British "How can you do these things. They're against your own basic values.". We had no hatred, in fact it was the other way round - it was their values that made us revolt." -Aruna Asaf Ali, a leader of the Indian National Congress. (Masani, quoted in Wood, 32, 1989) There is no doubt that British imperialism had a large impact on India....   [tags: Colonialism Imperialism]

Free Essays
1693 words (4.8 pages)

British Imperialism Essay

- British Imperialism In many respects, the Boer War resembles the struggle toward globalization a century later that Friedman describes in The Lexus and the Olive Tree. The British, with their more advanced industry and technology, attempted to pull the Boer Republics away from the Olive tree and into the new global economy, golden straightjacket and all. The British Empire had much at stake in the conflict, and eventually achieved its main goals. It protected its holding at Cape Town, which was essential in order to control the southern trade route to India, and resisted the threats of increased European presence in South Africa as well as the threat of Afrikaner nationalism in Cape Colony...   [tags: Government Britain British Essays]

Powerful Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)