It might seem ironic how in such a significant number of cases, the outcome of some specific actions is completely different from what is expected to be. The number of times that you puzzle yourself at how eccentric or unexplainable some causalities seem or how things might go precisely the way you want increases as you grow up. This unusual link of events leads to the ideas of destiny and fate. Some people claim that there is no such way of controlling your life because it has been planned out for you ahead of time in a precise and unchangeable way. Despite every effort and action one cannot escape from his fate. Others believe the complete opposite thing. According to them, your life is a matter of your own choices and decisions, and you are the only owner of your destiny. Marva Maynard Hobbs says that you should watch your thought, for they become words. Watch your words, for they become actions. Watch your actions, for they become habits. Watch your habits, for they become your character. Watch your character, for it becomes your destiny. While in the third chapter of Presbyterian Confession of Faith it is stated that God, from all eternity, did by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever come to pass. (Presbyterian Confession of Faith, Chapter 3, Section 1). The contradiction between the two above mentioned quotes is presented similarly by two 24 century old literature works, Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Aristophanes’ The Clouds.
In Oedipus the King, Oedipus is the main character and the whole tragedy is focused in his life. He grew up with the idea that he was the son of Polybus and Merope , the king and the queen of Corinth, until someone who had had a f...
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...the King and Strepsiades respectively. Oedipus’ rationality is symbolized through his wit “But I, who came by chance, I, knowing nothing, put the Sphinx to flight, Thanks to my wit- no thanks to divination!” (Sophocles, Oedipus the King, 391-399). At Aristophanes’ The clouds this element is presented by Socrates rather than Strepsiades. Why it is important to emphasize the rationality feature is because it affects the main characters actions and decisions.
Lacking rationality, Oedipus uses as an excuse an imagined plot organized by Creon and uses his wit to refute the statement made by Teresias that the murder he was so eager to punish was Oedipus himself. On the other hand Strepsiades is easily influenced by Socrates persuasion to make him negate the existence of deities other than the Clouds.
Aristophanes' The clouds
Sophocles' Oedipus the king
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