Out Of Africa, The Nile Valley And The Northen Route Essay

Out Of Africa, The Nile Valley And The Northen Route Essay

Length: 1262 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Based on the research done by scholars before, it has proved that origin of human is from Africa. People are wondering the routes of the migration of hominid. This essay will discuss the result some anthropologist have found about this topic base on the research article “OUT OF AFRICA, THE NILE VALLEY AND THE NORTHEN ROUTE” written by Sarah Wurz and Philip Van, and “Getting “Out of Africa”: Sea Crossing, Land Crossing and Culture in the Hominin Migration” by Robin Derricourt.
The first article reviewed the archeological and fossil record found in the “Out of Africa 2”, it talks about the Nile Valley specifically. The second article discussed the application of principle of Occam’s Razor which is “Plurality should be posited without necessity” into the evidence that find in present, this article wrote about two possible way which hominid migrated out of Africa. First articles point out Nile Valley played an important role on the migration of Human Migration, in second article it talked about the possible route through water.
In the first article the authors discuss the out of Africa has 2 time the first time the movement was prevented by complexity of early population structure. The second time was success, it has 2 dispersal event first is Out of Africa 2a and Out of Africa 2b. The Nile Valley contribute significant information on both events in second time, according to the evidences they have found. For examples: the Blue Nile in Sudan represent human have occupied Nile Valley in MIS 6/5e (133ka)(Wurz and Van 2011:170). A Lupemban industry also found on the west bank of Nile, which is a logistical economic system, they used organic and mineral resource and use of function-specific sites occur. The Early Nubian Complex whic...

... middle of paper ...

...crossed the arid region to more fertile zone. The cease of Nile River happened between the first migration of early homo and “Out of Africa 1”. The wet period is coincides with the “Out of Africa 2”and is connected with today’s arid region, the limits on geography and climate are not enough to support the level of gene flow required by the multiregional hypothesis for the emergence of modern human.
The two articles both write about the migration of early modern human out of Africa the first article indicates that Nile Valley contribute a lot on both events, northern route had the function of re-population the Southern route has the function of expansion. The second article shows the lack of evidence on water routes during the migration and the coincidence of cease flow of Nile with “Out of Africa 1” and coincidence of wet period in arid region with “Out of Africa 2”.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Nile River Valley : An Egyptian Ancient Civilization Essay

- The Nile River Valley was an Egyptian ancient civilization. It began when the Nile River attracted Stone Age farmers. Soon, more farmers, traders and nomads were inhabiting the land and it became a civilization. The river became very populated and people were able to colonize into Egypt and surrounding territories. The Nile River had lots of floods. This brought new, richer soil to the farmers so they learned to adapt. The floods were also good because Egypt was mostly a barren desert, except for the Nile River....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Cairo]

Better Essays
1535 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on The Historical City Of Ancient Egypt

- Ancient Egypt, one of the four great ancient civilizations and is located in northeast Africa, in the middle and lower reaches of the Nile River region. The history of Ancient Egypt is great and far-reaching. Until now Ancient Egypt also can often mentioned by people. Moreover, there are many prehistoric cities established in Ancient Egypt and these cities full of legendary stories and rich history and culture. Memphis is a typical historical city in Ancient Egypt. There are three aspects could show the history of Memphis which is urban origins of Memphis, urban development of Memphis and morphology of Memphis....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Cairo]

Better Essays
1936 words (5.5 pages)

Ancient Egypt : Ancient Egyptian Civilization Essay examples

- The ancient Egyptian civilization impacted multiple cultures and was influential to others by being the most fascinating and sophisticated old civilization. Egypt lies in the far north -east of the continent of Africa, which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea from the north, and the Red Sea to the east, and is separated from the continent of Asia by the Suez Canal. Ancient Egypt contains the oldest civilizations on earth. Ancient Egyptians were able to keep records and pass down their historical achievements over eras....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Egyptians]

Better Essays
1609 words (4.6 pages)

Egyptian Style Of Art And Clothing Essay

- Egypt was definitely one of the most influential periods to date, they became an amazing civilization due to their advancements in architecture and culture, This is largely due to the Egyptian style of art and clothing. The art and clothing was colorful, consistent, and structural. They 're three different major times. There was the Old Kingdom which was about (2686 to 2181 B.C.E) In the Old Kingdom came prosperity and success as shown through the creation of the greatest and largest pyramids in Egyptian history, the first King of this time is Djoser & During the old kingdom time, the Egyptian kings were referred to as gods....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Cairo]

Better Essays
846 words (2.4 pages)

Growth And Expansion Of The Nile Valley Essay examples

- There are many key developing factors that lead to the growth and expansion of the Nile Valley States. The Nile Valley states had a wide range of cultures that co-existed within the means of trade, ideas, religion, and ultimately: the Nile river. In ancient history, early African societies are known for the shaping and expanding many modern day African cultures, and countries. In Ancient times not many early civilizations were strong and developed enough to have a thriving society. That however was not the case with the people and cultures of the Nile....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Nubia]

Better Essays
1263 words (3.6 pages)

Comparing The Mesopotamia And The Nile River Valley Essay

- Throughout world history one learns about many different civilizations. In this case we will be talking about two civilizations. Comparing and contrasting these two civilizations will go into more depth and expand ones knowledge, such as, the Mesopotamia and The Nile River Valley. These two civilizations have many differences, but they also have some similarities. For example, The Mesopotamia was one of the first civilizations discovered along the Fertile Crescent. As well as the Mesopotamia was one of the first civilizations to be discovered, so was The Nile River Valley....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Nile]

Better Essays
1504 words (4.3 pages)

Why Britain Expanded its Empire in Africa from 1880 to 1900 Essay

- Why Britain Expanded its Empire in Africa from 1880 to 1900 In 1875 the two most important European holdings in Africa were Algeria and the Colony. The Cape Colony was a lock up point for the British Trading Fleet en route from India and the Far East. By 1914 only Ethiopia and the republic of Liberia remained outside formal European control. The transition from an "informal empire" of control through economic dominance to direct control took the form of a "scramble" for territory by the nations of Europe....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Differences Between The Nile And Indus River Valley Civilizations Essay

- The Nile and Indus River Valley civilizations were both unique civilizations in their own way in comparison. Yet despite being separated by thousands of miles there are similarities in these two ancient civilizations. It is seen that amongst ancient civilizations, rivers are fundamental for them to prosper and provide for a relatively stable society for which a people can grow and develop. There are general similarities with pinpoint differences as well as general differences with pinpoint similarities....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]

Better Essays
1525 words (4.4 pages)

The Nile River Valley Essay

- The Nile river valley was one of the most flourishing regions in Africa. From it emerged the prominent kingdom of Egypt, which went on to be one of the most dynamic civilizations in that region. Mainly because of its hierarchal social class system and its unsteady government. Roughly a thousand kilometers to the Northeast of the Nile river valley lies the Mesopotamia region. In this region civilizations like the Sumerians prospered and enjoyed the knowledge and natural riches that came from the Fertile Crescent....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Sumer, Mesopotamia]

Better Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on The Nile River

- Although, the Nile is just a river in Africa, it was practically god-like to the Ancient Egyptians. Second to the pharaoh, the Nile controlled the life of the Egyptians. They depended on the Nile to survive as it gave them a fresh source of water, food, and fertile soil for farming. Beyond the Nile changing everything for one of the greatest civilizations just by being there, there are many interesting unknown facts about how it’s geography, climate, and animals, changed the Egyptians lifestyles....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Nile, Egypt, Blue Nile]

Better Essays
1571 words (4.5 pages)