The Ottoman Empire's Inevitable Fall Essay

The Ottoman Empire's Inevitable Fall Essay

Length: 1288 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Today, there are virtually no multinational states remaining and one would be hard-pressed to find a government that has remained in place since the pre-World War I era. In that sense, it is highly unlikely that the Ottoman Empire could have survived the tumultuous 20th Century. Nevertheless, it may have had a chance. If not for European intervention, Ottoman reforms may have succeeded. However, even with those reforms, they had to compete with the rise of nationalism, which would have been difficult.
The Ottomans did attempt to reform themselves on multiple occasions. The entire Tanzimat period from 1839-1876 was marked by extensive efforts to modernize and westernize the Ottoman government. Even before then, though, there were serious attempts to change society. Around the time of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and Syria in 1798, Sultan Selim III sought to modernize the Ottoman Army after the model of the highly successful French army. The Nizam-i-Cedid would have been a modern military force capable of standing up to European armies, unlike the hopelessly antiquated and disorderly Janissaries. Despite his best efforts, though, the Janissaries overthrew him in 1807. His successor, Mahmud II did succeed in reviving the Nizam-i-Cedid after massacring the Janissaries in 1826 (Gelvin 80). At the same time, Mehmet Ali implemented similar, though more successful, reforms in Egypt, then under the at least *de jure* rule of the Sultan. Mehmet Ali's army was perhaps the strongest in the Middle East and his forces intervened on behalf of the Ottoman Empire to crush the revolt in Greece. Despite that strength, though, European militaries were more powerful and at the battle of Navarino, a joint Anglo-Franco-Russian navy defeat...

... middle of paper ...

...forces (then still under the Sultan) were nearly able to defeat the Greek rebels until the British, French, and Russians united to help the Greeks. Without the Treaty of Balta Liman and the concessions forced out of the Ottoman Empire, they may have been able to develop a modern economy, rather than being indebted to Europe. That would have allowed them to pay for a modern military that could resist European aggression. If not for Western powers short-circuting the defensive developmental plans of the Ottoman Empire. However, it is unrealistic to assume that Europe would have allowed the Ottomans to develop into a modern power--across the world, the major European powers acted to prevent all other countries from becoming their equals. If they had not intervened when they did, they almost certainly would have at some other point in order to assure their dominance.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Relationship between Byzantines and Muslims in History

- Recent literature has established an inseparable relationship between the Islamic Empire of the 15th century and the Eastern Roman Empire. The emphasis is less on Islamic forces acting as a separate and direct antagonist against Byzantines to their fall, but rather a series of circumstances that gradually weakened the empire until it fell in 1453. Within the most recent decades scholars have begun to examine at the international negotiations and cultural exchanges between Byzantines and Muslims to establish both empires were much closer than early historians believed....   [tags: Interactions, Roman Empire Fall]

Strong Essays
1968 words (5.6 pages)

Essay about Corruption And Nepotism During The Ottoman Empire

- Corruption & Nepotism in the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire rose to be one of the most powerful empires in the early modern period. The story of the Ottoman expansion began when the Christian Byzantine empire began to perish the Ottomans began to expand at a rapid pace, making it’s neighbors fearful of their advancement. Over the course of history many scholars have given the arguments on the rise and fall of the once great Ottoman Empire. John Bagot Glubb published seventeen books, on the Middle East, and wrote his theory on the stages of the rise and fall of great nations....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Istanbul]

Strong Essays
2057 words (5.9 pages)

The Empire Of The Ottoman Empire Essay

- When the Empire of the Ottoman was in its last decade, it went through a season of significant reforms. It was in the year 1908 when the Ottoman Empire converted twenty million people into citizens within a single night. Consequently, the residents wondered how the different religions and the ethnic groups would play their game in politics, how the face of liberty would be like, after the reforms. This revolution intended to unite the Ottoman Empire with nationalism, Later on, the Ottoman Brothers researched on how the Muslim, Jews and Christians became citizens of the Ottoman Empire in Palestine....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Islam, Jews, Israel]

Strong Essays
808 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Tanzimat Ottoman Reforms And The Ottoman Empire

- The Tanzimat Ottoman Reforms Name Institution Introduction Tanzimat was the period of transformation where reforms were instituted to modernize the Ottoman Empire in the middle seventeen century. Under the rule of Sultan Abd AL-Majid, the empire was threatened by advances made by the western powers in gaining control of the regions that were once under the empire. Additionally, the empire was losing popularity where numerous regions were struggling to break away from the empire. Therefore, the empire realized the need for reforms that will incorporate all the citizens who were divided along tribal and religious lines....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Islam, Middle East]

Strong Essays
841 words (2.4 pages)

What Were The Weaknesses Of The Ottoman Empire? Essay

- All civilizations come to an end. However, throughout history a few have stood out. Civilizations that withstood the test of time. Revolutionary societies that changed the whole world. Some of these changes are still around today, and that is a testament if nothing else. With all great societies, however will come weaknesses. No civilization has lasted forever. It may take one thousand years, or even longer, but if a society cannot admit its weaknesses and fix them, it will crumble. Such is the story with the Ottoman Empire....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Byzantine Empire, World War I]

Strong Essays
1504 words (4.3 pages)

History And Architecture Of The Ottoman Empire Essay

- Through out history, architecture has played an important role in ultimately defining the upbringing of a culture. Whether it be instilled for upholding the traditions or adapting over time through conquering and replicating previous dynasties, architecture is molded with the artistry of its environment and people. Two dynasties that are great examples of phenomenal architecture are the Ottomans and the Safavids. Though both dynasties have comparable traits in exterior and interior in design, they also have qualities that are exclusive to their own....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Istanbul]

Strong Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)

The Ottoman Empire Essay example

- Islamization in the Ottoman Empire started as early as in the 1530, peaked in the mid seventeenth century and slowly declined in 1730s (Barkey). Even though few instances of forced conversion took place, conversion was seen as voluntary for convenience rather than an act of coercion. It was targeted towards non-Muslims, mainly the Jewish and Christian communities. Conversion for Muslim was forbidden and the punishment was harsh if converted zimmis wanted to convert back. Conversion took place in direct and indirect ways....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Islam, Balkans, Janissary]

Strong Essays
1169 words (3.3 pages)

The Armenian Genocide And The Ottoman Empire Essay

- The Armenian Genocide An American ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Henry Morgenthau once stated, “I am confident that the whole history of the human race contains no such horrible episode as this. The great massacres and persecutions of the past seem almost insignificant when compared with the sufferings of the Armenian race in 1915.” The ancient civilization of the Armenians existed from before the first century C.E. Their boundaries and territory used to extend from the modern day Republic of Armenia and through most of modern day Turkey....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Armenia, World War I]

Strong Essays
1851 words (5.3 pages)

Cultural Development During The Ottoman Empire Essays

- This verse from the Ottoman poet Ederunulu Fazil Bey, though intended to describe the pavilion of Nestabad, inadvertently encapsulates the nature of 19th century Ottoman society. The 18th century was a time of cultural, societal, and political development within the Ottoman Empire, resulting from increased foreign (mainly European) influence. This development was manifested in 18th century Ottoman architecture, 19th century municipal reforms, and the Hatt-i Serif Gulhane-- all of which hold distinct parallels in their development....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Istanbul, Ottoman Dynasty, Egypt]

Strong Essays
1888 words (5.4 pages)

Incorporation of the Ottoman Empire into the Capitalist World-Economy, 1750-1839

- Incorporation of the Ottoman Empire into the Capitalist World-Economy, 1750-1839 In 1977, Immanuel Wallerstein proposed a research agenda to answer the question: When and by what process did the Ottoman Empire become incorporated into the capitalist world-economy. He also asked whether incorporation was a single event or a series of events for the different regions of the Empire--Rumelia, Anatolia, Syria, and Egypt. He suggested the answer be sought in Ottoman production processes and trade patterns between 1550 and 1850....   [tags: History Economics Ottoman Empire Essays]

Free Essays
414 words (1.2 pages)