Osteoarthritis of the Knee Essay

Osteoarthritis of the Knee Essay

Length: 1474 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Weight bearing joints, specifically the knee, are at risk of developing osteoarthritis after injury, especially in relation to participation of a high impact sport. Results from this study suggest that knee osteoarthritis increases in prevalence an athlete who has sustained traumatic knee injury. Trauma of the knee joint can lead to a series of lesions and damage to the articular cartilage. Damage to the articular cartilage is primarily associated with intraarticular bleeding which leads to (posttraumatic) joint inflammation. Once the joint experiences trauma, chronic remodeling of cartilage and other tissues of the joint initiates and progresses to osteoarthritis in most cases. The most effective forms of evaluation and diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis is physical examination and plain radiography. Prevention and self-management strategies for osteoarthritis should be targeted to athletes with a history of knee injury. Health care professionals should target knee-injured individuals for primary prevention with respect to education, activity modification, and the role of re-establishing neuromuscular function and exercise in surgical decision-making and rehabilitation.

The Development of Knee Osteoarthritis in Athletes
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is an endemic condition that affects about 20 million people in the United States alone (Britton, 2009, p.1). Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is defined as a gradual process of destruction and degeneration or wearing away of the joint cartilage that typically occurs in the older individual age 50 and over (Lozada, 2014). Although this disease is well known for its association with the natural aging process, it is also prevalent in at...

... middle of paper ...

...ury-related knee osteoarthritis: opportunities for the primary and secondary prevention of knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 1-28. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2945059/#__ffn_sectitle.
Lotz, M. K. (June 28, 2010). New developments in osteoarthritis. Posttraumatic osteoarthritis: pathogenesis and pharmacological treatment options. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 1-9. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/ar3046.pdf.
Lozada, MD, C. J. (2014, April 3). Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/330487-overview#a0101.
Vincent, H. K., Vincent, K. R., Conrad, B., & Fregly, B. J. (May 1, 2013). The Pathophysiology of Osteoarthritis: A Mechanical Perspective on the Knee Joint. PM&R, S3-S9. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3635670/.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Knee Brace: An Athlete's Uniform Essay

- When an athlete catches the sound of their knee crack and pop, they better prepare themselves for a long journey. The Center for Injury and Policy (CIRP), from Science Daily, reports that, “Knees are the most accident prone part of the body in high school athletes.” Knee injuries are very common; in fact, they are responsible for 45% of the injuries that occur in high school athletics across America. Knee injuries are well known to not just those in the medical field, but also to athletes. Injuries to the knee are caused by many factors, and what happens after the injury has taken place is what’s most concerning (Science Daily)....   [tags: Osteoarthritis, knee crack and pop]

Powerful Essays
1348 words (3.9 pages)

Essay On Knee Joint

- The knee joint supports most of the body’s weight and allows movements that are essential to many everyday activities, such as walking, running, sitting and standing. The knee joint is the largest joint in the body and it relies on a variety of ligaments, tendons, and soft tissue structures to maintain flexibility, stability, and strength. The knee joint is formed by articulations between the patella, femur and tibia. The knee joint is a hinge synovial joint. Like all synovial joints, the knee is surrounded by soft tissue structures and ligaments that support the joint and help facilitate a wide range of movement....   [tags: Knee, Bone, Collagen, Joint, Ligament, Cartilage]

Powerful Essays
1372 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Patient Needing Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA)

- A total knee arthroplasty is indicated for an effective way to treat late stage arthritis in the knee. According to Trojani et alˡ two thirds of the patients who have a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have the degenerative disease in both knees. Twenty percent of those patients will have to have surgery on the other knee within two years of having the first surgery.ˡ When the disease affects both knees the patient only benefits when both knees joints are replaced. With the appropriate patient, an orthopaedic surgeon may elect to do a simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty where the patient undergoes a total knee replacement on both knees at the same time....   [tags: Total Knee Arthroplasty]

Free Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Consequences of Osteoarthritis

- Consequences of Osteoarthritis Aim and objectives The aim of this essay was to undertake a literature review of osteoarthritis. The topics that were covered are: what osteoarthritis actually is, the causes, symptoms, treatments, how a form of treatment works, side effects of this treatment and other treatments. There were two objectives for this SSA. The first objective was to find out what osteoarthritis is and how it affects the body and the second objective was to find out what treatment is available in the UK....   [tags: joint disorder affecting people over 65]

Powerful Essays
1735 words (5 pages)

Essay on Overview of Osteoarthritis

- Introduction OA is a musculoskeletal disease that causes chronic joint pain and reduced physical functioning (Laba, brien, Fransen, & jan, 2013). Osteoarthritis (OA) is a non-inflammatory disorder of synovial joints that results in loss of hyaline cartilage and remodeling of surrounding bone. OA is the single most common joint disease, with an estimated prevalence of 60% in men and 70% in women later in life after the age of 65 years, affecting an estimated 40 million people in the United States (Goodman & Fuller, 2009)....   [tags: Hyaluronic Acid, Hepatic Necrosis]

Powerful Essays
2529 words (7.2 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Osteoarthritis Essay

- Osteoarthritis can also be an indicator of an active lifestyle, as well as showing signs of physically demanding activities (Larsen, 1997:166; Papathanasiou, 2005:388). Exercise can lead to the development of osteoarthritis, and occurs through repetitive impacts on shock absorbing tissues of our joints. Overtime, this repetition causes our joints to narrow and no longer handle the strain of absorbing these shocks (Hoffman, 1993:896). Some scientists use radiographs of young athletes to show what damage is happening by recording the modification of bone and tissue....   [tags: Skeleton, Human skeleton, Colonialism, Bone]

Powerful Essays
908 words (2.6 pages)

Causes and Costs of Osteoarthritis Essay

- Problem The problem is the increase of osteoarthritis in the United States. Throughout the years, the United States is seen to have an increase in osteoarthritis cases and hospital care costs. According to Murphy and Helmick (2012): In 2006 and again in 2007 there were roughly 12.3 million ambulatory care visits and 85,000 ED visits associated with an OA diagnosis…in 2009 OA was the primary diagnosis for an estimated 921,000 hospitalizations, with a mean cost per stay of $45,443; this is more than double the number of hospital stays associated with OA in 1997-418,000 (Murphy and Helmick, 2012)....   [tags: Medical Studies, Risk Factors]

Powerful Essays
1736 words (5 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Osteoarthritis Essay

- INTRODUCTION Osteoporosis, and osteoarthritis are completely different conditions, they are frequently mixed up for the other, in particular osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, because both names start with “osteo. This report will discuss the similarities and differences between the both diseases. WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the joints and it is the most common type of arthritis. Evidence shows that the majority of the people affected are the over 60 (S. R 2006) This disease damages the surfaces of the joints stopping it from moving as smoothly as it should....   [tags: Osteoporosis, Bone, Bone fracture, Skeletal system]

Powerful Essays
2303 words (6.6 pages)

Osteoarthritis Essay

- Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a common problem throughout the world. As estimated by the World Health Organization, it is one of the major causes of impaired function that reduces quality of life worldwide and estimated to be the fourth leading cause of disability by the year 2020 (Kraus et al., 2006 and Wluka, 2006). Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of chronic disability worldwide including Malaysia (Zakaria et al., 2009). As defined by Jette et al., 2002 disability is the impaired performance of expected socially defined life tasks, in a typical sociocultural and physical environment....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

Free Essays
985 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Knee Injury Prevention and Conditioning

- Knee Injury Prevention and Conditioning An estimated 50 million Americans have suffered or are suffering knee pain or injuries. Most of these pains, sprains, and strains could probably have been avoided with proper conditioning (Fox, 147). I have had knee pain since my freshmen year of high school and have finally taken the initiative to find some exercises that will help ease this pain, and build muscle strength in the surrounding areas to avoid another possible injury. Getting the support muscles of my legs in shape is one good way to lower the risk of knee injury....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
504 words (1.4 pages)