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Osama Bin Laden who is better known as Al Qaeda's Emir-General was born on July 30, 1957 in Saudi Arabia to Muhammad bin Judah bin Laden and Humid. He was the seventeenth child out of fifty-two. Osama went to Kin Abdulaziz University where he began studies in economics and management but left college in his third year. While at the university he learned Islamic studies and became very intrigued with this religion. Osama's father always urged his children to refrain from politics and religion debate, but Osama seemed interested in government and international politics.
In 1973 Osama focused his time and energy on resources and advancement of Islam and Islamism. He also gained higher knowledge in mujahid fighting with wealth and sake for Allah. Osama is well established among the Afghan people. He is one of the scholars of the Jihad as well as being the main commander of the mujahideen worldwide. Dr. Abjullah Azzam leading Islamist influenced Osama for the next 10 years. Together in 1984 the two set up the Afghan service Bureau. Osama's first cam, al-Ansar, in Jaji in Afghanistan's Pakita province was built. In 1982 Essam al-Ride, a flight instructor, joined al Qaeda where he served as procurement officer and Osama's personal pilot. During this time Osama's father died and he inherited a huge sum of money, which he invested. He began to build several training camps and quest houses for the Arab mujidian's.
In the mid 1980's Osama began to import machinery, building roads, cave complexes, and supervising the blasting of massive tunnels. Osama then began to win over the Afghan people by becoming humble and starting to live a simplistic life. He seemed to have the ability to befriend and communicate with fighters and live with the Afghan peasants.
During his stay on the Afghan-Pakistan border his religious convictions began to deepen. In 1987 what was known as the Lion's Den Operation occurred, exposing Osama to Soviet poison gas. He suffered minor injuries from this attack. This in turn upset him and his dislike of the soviets grew.
Osama's wealth and influence made him a natural leader of the Arab Mujahidin people. Osama spent much of his time after this on the front line while Azzam was the one who conceptualized Al Qaeda.
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During the end of the anti-Soviet campaign Osama and Azzam's relationship began to deteriorate. Osama desired and wanted to reconfigure MAK and rebuild Al Qaeda in his own image, creating it to be a terrorist force aiming to destroy America and Israel. At this time he split from Azzam moving back to Afghanistan establishing new guesthouses and training camps for his followers. In November of 1989 Azzam and two of his son's were killed, the attack had been arranged by Osama. He felt that Azzam had some type of connection to the CIA.
After the attack it seemed that Osama did not have anything bad or derogatory to say about Azzam and seemed to praise him. The death of Azzam allowed Osama to refashion principles and rules of the Al Qaeda in his image and channel it in the direction he preferred things to go.
After the influence of Azzam it is said he was influenced by al-Zawahiri who was from a very influential and respected Egyptian family. At this time Osama was transformed from a guerilla to a terrorist. Al-Zawahiri then began to increase his organizational capabilities and assisted Osama with the practical know how he was lacking.
Osama continued to feel very strongly about Islamic law and his goal was to establish a true Islamic society governed by Allah's law. In February 1989 he returned to Saudi Arabia where he helped Saudi create the first jihad group in South Yemen. Then on August 2, 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait. At this time the royal family feared for their country and invited the US troops to be a stand force to make their presence known. Osama became upset and approached the family with and alternate plan, his plan was rejected and this humiliated him. This is the time Operation Desert Shield was launched. Osama was assured the Americans would only be there until the threat had receded and Kuwait was liberated, this Osama detested. The US force did not withdraw and this upset Osama and he began the start of his campaign.
It became known to all that he was dissatisfied and there were rumors of his arrest so Osama fled to Pakistan in 1991 where he launched a campaign against his homeland. During this time his infrastructure continued to get stronger and he began to build parallel organizations creating links with Islamist's and guerillas and supported them with money, weapons and training.
Osama tended to micromanage his organization and what had become his business empire. Al Qaeda began to expand into agriculture and manufacturing. All along the way he continued to strengthen his organization by retaining business interests and supporting political leaders, cultivating presidents, ministers and heads of government with financial supports.
It is said that Osama did not show anger to his staff but he was meticulous in his documentation. He was said to be a calm but serious man thinking before he spoke and speaking very little. Also he had non Al Qaeda employees working for him, he treated with much respect. In 1994 he became very upset with the Saudi's for revoking his citizenship and freezing all of his assets so in retaliation he created the advance and reformation committee. During this time his anger grew, it is believed in 1994 an assassination attempt was mounted on him by the Saudi intelligence. After learning of this he began providing arms, ammunition and explosives to anti Saudi regime cells and began recruiting more members to his Al Qaeda. It is at this time Al Qaeda's network began to spread to London, New York, Turkey and other places.
Osama began to express interest in weapons of mass destruction, CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear). He began to purchase uranium from South Africa, hired Egyptian scientist to work for him, recruited American pilot, purchased military training aircraft, purchased scuba equipment from Britain, six range finders, night vision goggles and scoops from U.S., video equipment and high tech dual use gear was purchased from Japan, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Also taking in person he added 11 sets of night vision goggle's, shipped 25, 50 caliber Barrett sniping riffles from America to Afghanistan. During Osama's time in Afghanistan the Taliban was born and overtook two thirds of the country.
Osama has been depicted as a Saint riding on a white horse with the image of a prophet. He chooses to be filmed wearing a white headdress that represents one of Islam's holiest sites the Jerusalem's al Aqsa Mosque. At his waist he has a knife to represent ruler or authority. He then has a black stone set in a silver ring representing Mecca revered holy place of Islam. This is a reminder his ultimate goal is to free Mecca and the Arabian Peninsula from unbelievers and the house of Al-Saudi.
As it is known he has groups all over with the goal of overtaking anyone who is not a follower. He was the one behind the 9-11 attacks, which were intended to hurt our country more than it did. Although it was devastating, our country remained strong and attacks were launched with force and effort to locate him by our President. At this time Osama has not been captured but still remains to be alive per videotapes received and aired on television. The military will continue to look for him to eventually locate and destroy his organizational structure and empire, which he created for no good.