Every American has come to associate the Apollo programs and its missions with the moon. They have heard of the adventures and missions of various Apollo missions, from Apollo 11, the first moon landing, to the horrific yet successful outcome of Apollo 13. Yet, beyond the actual landing of these missions, little is known about the origins and the accomplishments these missions have done for the nation. The program begins during the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower, where the Apollo Program was established with its focus on the three-man spacecraft that would follow the one-man Project Mercury which put the first Americans in space. The program would be later dedicated to President John F. Kennedy as exemplified in his speech, May 25th 1961, where the ultimate goal of the Space Race was redefined, and support for the Apollo Program and the moon would be made known:
I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important in the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish. (Kennedy)
When Kennedy uttered those very words, the Space Race was already in session between the two Cold War rivals, the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This aspiration to reach the moon in Kennedy eyes was not a means for astronomical advancement, rather solely motivated by the cold war competition to hold the greatest scientific and technological power and military superiority. The United States after having been outdone by the Soviet Union who had successfully launched...
... middle of paper ...
...Executive Order merged the LOD and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. With the Apollo Program moving in the direction of a lunar landing, it was necessary to further expand the program and increase the organization with new test facilities and research laboratories that would better the pace of technology development. Thus the Mission Control Center (MCS) was established in Houston, Texas, where it would be the primary flight control center for all U.S manned space missions. In 1973, the MSC was renamed in honor of Lyndon Johnson, as Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. The Center would house NASA's astronaut operations, and would also be the site of the Lunar Receiving Laboratory, where astronauts returning from the moon would be quarantined. Along with the housing of astronauts, the majority of lunar samples retrieved from lunar missions would be stored in the facility.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Astronauts have chosen the mission to fly at many times in ground-based simulators. The space is their second home because they been there a lot. They were fully trained. Anyhow, they are ready. Astronaut Michael Collins was the pilot of Apollo Command Module. Astronaut Edwin Aldrin Junior was also the pilot the lunar module and lastly, astronaut Neil Armstrong serve as mission commander. Armstrong was the first man to land on the moon. Couple hours later, from the third stage of launch vehicle, the Apollo command module moved forward to the lunar module.... [tags: Apollo 11, Moon, Neil Armstrong, Apollo program]
1054 words (3 pages)
- According to official U.S. Government documents, the Apollo thirteen mission to the moon was successful in landing a man on the moon and bringing them back to Earth. NASA has released various documents and footage of the event as proof that the rocket, Saturn IV, left Earth crewed by Aldrin, Collins, and Armstrong, on its course to orbit the moon and finally touchdown on the lunar surface (NASA 3). The broadcast of said event was aired live all over the world with an estimated 530 million people watching the touchdown of the lunar module (NASA 2).... [tags: Apollo 11, Moon, Apollo program, Neil Armstrong]
1091 words (3.1 pages)
- We choose to go to the moon... "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon, and returning him, safely to the earth. No single space project in this period will be more important in the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult of expensive to accomplish."(John F. Kennedy - "Special Joint Session of Congress", May 25th, 1961) With just a few words John F. Kennedy launched one of the largest endeavors that America has ever embarked upon.... [tags: space shuttle program apollo missions]
5281 words (15.1 pages)
- Margaret Hamilton is said to be “The Woman Who Took Man to the Moon”. Hamilton is accredited for helping the aeronauts from the Apollo 8 mission, which was set up to orbit the moon, return back to Earth safely after having received error messages from the computer system. Furthermore, during the Apollo 11 mission she became head of the flight software development team and helped the spacecraft land properly on the surface of the moon in 1969. Margaret is a good example of a computer scientist who has been able to impact the world with her skills and her build up the software development community.... [tags: Apollo 11, Moon, Apollo program]
859 words (2.5 pages)
- Apollo 11 and the Moon Landing Luke Huffman APUSH Period 6 May 8, 2016 Apollo 11 's flight is one of the most significant achievements in history, not only for the United States of America but the world. Apollo 11 would make history by having a man land and walk on the moon. The United States was involved in a competition to be the first nation to send a man into space with the Soviet Union. After the Soviets first accomplished that, it became apparent that the primary goal of the "Space Race" would be to land a man on the moon first.... [tags: Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, Apollo program, Moon]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- Conspiracists have been around for a long time so what makes the Apollo 11 conspiracy so important. The Apollo 11 mission was broadcast live around the world. Many citizens sat down and watched as Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong made their first steps onto the moon as Armstrong took the first step he uttered " That 's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." But not everybody believes in the moon landing theorists have come together to try and encourage an investigation towards the mission.... [tags: Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, Moon, Apollo program]
1540 words (4.4 pages)
- The television broadcast of the Apollo 11 lunar-landing on July 20, 1969 had a significant impact by creating a sense of community on a national, international, and global level. During the broadcast of the first lunar landing, Americans experienced a moment of unity and patriotism in the midst of societal issues and geopolitical conflict. The Apollo 11 broadcast also had a significant worldwide impact, surpassing international boundaries as people witnessed the first of mankind to set foot on another planet.... [tags: Apollo 11, Moon, Earth, Neil Armstrong]
703 words (2 pages)
- July 16th, 1969. It’s a peaceful morning at Cape Canaveral with pleasant temperatures and little wind. All is calm. Suddenly, a tremendous roar shatters the morning as the crew of Apollo 11 blast off toward the moon, riding the biggest rocket ever created. Burning 20 tons of explosive fuel a second, it propels Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins into history. The spacecraft lands four days later on the moon. Millions watched as men took the first steps on a strange place 238,900 miles away, or 9 and ½ times around the earth.... [tags: NASA space program]
1676 words (4.8 pages)
- The Space Race and the Apollo Program in 1968 I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before the decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space, and none will be so difficult or so expensive to accomplish. These words, uttered by President John F. Kennedy in May 1961 brought forth a new era in American history, the idea of sending a man to the moon.... [tags: American History Essays]
7410 words (21.2 pages)
- In the world of Greek Mythology, Gods are blessed with incredible appearances and have fantastic abilities. Apollo is a god that is a perfect personification of every expectation most people have of Greek Gods. The gift of beauty is a gift that Apollo has in abundance, and he is also a very generous god. This characteristic of Apollo is shown in the story of Apollo 's birth. Gods were also prone to having an incredible amount of sexual drive, and Apollo is a god with a list of partners miles long.... [tags: Apollo, Greek mythology, Leto, Zeus]
1075 words (3.1 pages)