Organization Culture : Organizational Culture Essay

Organization Culture : Organizational Culture Essay

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1. Introduction:
Each individual has his/her character, by which his/her type or feature is defined. Similarly, each nation, race has its personality, known as its culture. Corporations, being a kind of organization, also have their own personalities, and are more typically known as organizational cultures. Understanding how culture is created, communicated, and changed in an organization is important for people in the organization and will help one be more effective in his/her organizational life.

2. What Is Organizational Culture & Why It Matters
First of all, we need a definition for organization culture: Organizational culture refers to a system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs that show employees what is appropriate and inappropriate behavior (Chatman & Eunyoung Cha, 2003). Despite culture is by and large invisible, “In Search of Excellence”, a best-selling in 1980s, made the argument that company success could be attributed to an organizational culture that was decisive, customer oriented, empowering, and people-oriented. These values are supposed to generate strong influence on employee behavior as well as organizational performance.
Even though organizational culture does exist and affects all employee’s behavioral patterns, it’s only when individuals have the opportunity to compare different organizational cultures will they become aware of it. For example, in some companies employees are allowed to leave early for family events whereas in some other companies work dominates everything and fully dedication is encouraged. These two hypothetical conditions illustrate that different organizations have different cultures, and culture dictates what is right and what is acceptable behavior as well as what is wrong a...


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...ee referrals in their recruitment process. By using their current employees as a source of future employees, companies may make sure that the newly hired employees go through a screening process to avoid potential person culture mismatch.
However, even after a two-stage filter there may be new employees who do not fit in company’s culture. To assure benefits of both organization and employees, the organization is going to eventually eliminate candidates who do not fit in through “Attrition”. Attrition refers to the natural process in which the candidates who do not fit in will leave the company. Research indicates that person-organization misfit is one of the important reasons for employee turnover (Kristof, Zimmerman & Johnson 2005).
As a result of the ASA process, organizational culture will act as a self-defending organism where intrusive elements are kept out.

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