Organisational Theory and Analysis

Organisational Theory and Analysis

Length: 1412 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
ORGANISATIONAL THEORY AND ANALYSIS

Organization can be a stressful place in which to work, thus stress management is becoming an important issue at work. It can be argued that the responsibility for stress management lies with both the organization and the individuals who are, or could be affected by stress. Explain why organization are stressful place and discuss who should have the responsibility for stress management and why.

Organization is social structure. That is to say an organization is a group of people intentionally organized to accomplish an overall, common goal or set or goal. The range of a business organization can formed from 2 people to 10 or thousands. (http://www.managementhelp.org/org_thry/org_defn.htm) Nevertheless, under the name of team spirit and culture, a great management can encourage people to believe that the organization, the team or the company is an entity. The fact is that organization is affected by external environment and internal environment. It is never exactly the same phenomenon from one moment to next. Organization is composed of individuals, each of whose physical, emotional, can fluctuate from hour to hour. Therefore, organization can be a stressful place; stress management is an important part at work. (G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.2-9) In the following essay I would like to explain why organizations are stressful place and discuss who should have the responsibility for stress management and why.

Since the complex nature of organization, it is not surprise that the people who work in an organization are face to a range of conflicting pressures, some of them will lead to individual stress. As I mention in the introduction, an organization is composed with individuals, the fluctuation of their physical and emotional, each of whose action and reaction will affect the whole organization phenomenon and stressful occur. Marshall & Cooper (1981) emphasize that ‘stress’ is a different phenomenon from ‘pressure’; stress is something more than pressure. It’s breakdown normal human performance. There are many factors that make an organization become a stressful place. We divided into six sources 1, organizational factors, 2, external environment, 3, job characteristics, 4, work relationship, 5, domestic situation and personal factors. (Marshall & Cooper , 1981 p.4)
Organizational factors, we mainly focus on organizational structure, especially where the pattern of jobs. Secondly, communication system when it does not facilitate communication with others. Thirdly, Organization culture, management style and career development especially where the individual find that it is difficult to achieve or cooperate with his superiors management style or their effort are unrecognized e.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Organisational Theory and Analysis." 123HelpMe.com. 22 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=166702>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Social Innovation and Organisational Form

- Drawing on your knowledge of social innovation and organizational form, compare and contrast two organizational forms (e.g association and social movement; company limited by guarantee and coop; hybrid and some ‘pure’ form. Critically evaluate them with regard to their enabling or constraining impact on social innovation. Draw liberally on the relevant literature and illustrate with examples. Introduction Our societies are facing extraordinary challenges: increasing inequality, rising poverty rates, unstable economies, climate change and a raft of other issues. Change is happening at an alarming speed and the social and environmental need is mounting to a petrifying crescendo (Innovation 201...   [tags: Hybrids vs Cooperatives]

Research Papers
2786 words (8 pages)

Essay on Organisational Behaviour

- Leadership, in its broadest sense, is the process using social influence to enlist the support of other people in completing a common task or achieving a collective goal. Common conceptions about organisational leadership focus on the image of charismatic individuals inspiring their subordinates with their own passion and zeal for a vision. This popular image is taken as the standard for effective leadership style and a measure of future organisational success. Effective leadership is a function of both the individual and the working environment of the organisation they are tasked with leading....   [tags: Leadership]

Research Papers
2473 words (7.1 pages)

Analysis Of Herzberg Theory 's Work Essay

- • This case study is a relevant and good example of Herzberg theory it tells us how Tony is dissatisfied from his work. For example, tony is often late for his work but Shirley performed her duties that she talked with Tony what’s the problem. Tony explained to her which is good now she and management will come to know that what happened and how she can fix it. I think we can apply Herzberg theory in this case studies like we know the factors which is responsible for dissatisfaction from his work....   [tags: Motivation, Victor Vroom, Theory, Case study]

Research Papers
896 words (2.6 pages)

Successful Application of Theory to a Placement Case Essay

- An important aspect of social work is expert knowledge (Walker, 2012) and application of theory to practice, supported through research evidence (Dunk-West, 2013). In addition, the Professional Capabilities Framework (PCF, The College of Social Work, 2012) outlines the expectations of social workers in the UK. As a student social worker, the PCF governs my development and practicing the application of theory is a critical stage in learning. To facilitate this application, I am placed with Southwark Council....   [tags: social work, systems theory]

Research Papers
3200 words (9.1 pages)

Organisational Structure and Culture of the Oceans 11 Team Essay

- Organisational Structure and Culture of the Oceans 11 Team 1.0 Executive Summary: The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)[1] wished to review how the Ocean’s 11 team was formed and discuss by putting a management development programme together, the organisational behavioural aspects of the group. A vast amount of research was conducted in order to put together the management development programme together to show other organisations how to prevent problems within their group and avoid issues that will be mentioned in this programme....   [tags: Business and Management Studies]

Research Papers
6495 words (18.6 pages)

Organisational Behaviour Essay

- A telecommunication firm is facing difficulties in the financial year 2002-2003 and I am the line manager of the software development group in this company. Chapter 4, in the book "Essentials of Organizational Behavior" by Stephen P. Robbins states that motivation theories are culture-bound (Page 53), hence to give this paper and the situation described in the question a different perspective I am going to set this telecommunications company named BPL Mobile in India and I am going to take into account the cultural factors affecting motivation and productivity and explain them in this paper....   [tags: Business Analysis Strategy Management]

Free Essays
1545 words (4.4 pages)

organisational diagnosis Essay

- Perform a diagnosis of an organization that you are familiar with, using the diagnostic organizational level analysis. Your diagnosis should include an assessment of the organization’s performance and an indication of the underlying cause of problems. 1. What is diagnosis. Diagnosis is a systematic approach to understanding and describing the present state of the organization. 2. The open system: The general diagnosis model based on systems theory that underlines most of OD. The elements in open system model are: - Input: Information, energy, people - Transformations: Social component, technological component - Output: Finished goods, services and ideas 3....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
652 words (1.9 pages)

Leadership Theory Of Leadership Theories Essay

- Leadership is the ability to persuade and guide others for building and attaining the common goal (Gregoire & Arendt, 2014). Proper direction and control over the activities are basic necessity to achieve the target. Walshe, Kieran & Smith (2011) suggested that there are many intricate strands has involved in health which makes the leadership endeavour complex. Healthcare organizations are struggling with financial problems, consumer demands, safety & quality of healthcare etc. Al- Sawai (2013) suggested that while designing a management structure....   [tags: Leadership, Management]

Research Papers
730 words (2.1 pages)

Pestle Analysis Essay

- Report: The environmental factors within the PESTLE analysis which are having an impact on Charles Stanley 1.0 - Introduction to the PESTLE analysis……………………………….........................3 2.0 – Introduction - Charles Stanley 2.1 - Pestle Analysis of Charles Stanley Stockbrokers 3.0 – Detailed Focus - Two Key Factors 3.1 – Impact factors on HR strategy and practise 3.2 – Recommendations 3.3 – Conclusions 4.0 – Conclusion Appendix References Bibliography Concept Completing a PESTLE analysis in order to see the ‘bigger picture’, can be a simple or a rather complex task, depending on how much detail is gathered and also how many people are involved as people see things different...   [tags: Business Analysis]

Free Essays
2083 words (6 pages)

Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Essay

- Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Biography of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit, America. In 1895, it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute. The business provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour. The Institute provided shelter, warmth and food to approximately 100 men every year. When Thomas McGregor passed away, his son Murray McGregor (Douglas’s father) continued to manage the business....   [tags: Business Management Studies Essays]

Research Papers
849 words (2.4 pages)

g. promotion. (G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.212-215)
The change of external environment is other potential source of stress which we examine from the world wide changing. Economic situation is the most obvious factor to show a company financial situation which also means how profitable a company or organization is, especially where the company is in decline. Competitive situation of the organization will lead employee feeling a big pressure in their position, especially an uncertain market position may lead withdrawal or bankrupt. Technology change may lead to reduction in jobs and skill requirement. Finally, government political change may affect organizations like state owned businesses, military equipment or import product. (G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.212-218)
Job characteristics and work relationship are the operational factors of stress in an organization. Job characteristic is a very important issue to keep an organization running effectively, insufficient to meet the demand of the job or the expectation of the superior is the failure of the degree of autonomy. Role conflict is when task poorly designed or managed to the role allocation will lead to confusion with related role or doesn’t meet the superior expectation. It is a typical factor which happened in an organization. For an agency company or sales marketing company contractual terms is a fatal factor that lead to a stressful phenomenon, especially where the contract provide for rewards on a high-performance basis e.g. meeting targets, production quotas. On the other hand it maybe a vicious competition in an organization because of overtones the contention. (G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.216)
Work relationship is a fundamental operation factor in a workplace. There are four roles in a workplace which may potentially affected by stress, superior, colleagues, own staff, supplier and other outside people. Superior is known as the head quarter of an organization, they are the decision maker which means they don’t involve any operation process. Therefore they only face stress where individuals fail to achieve a good working relationship work their superior. Colleagues can work effectively and happily towards each other, but “ an inability to get on reasonable terms with fellow team-member or colleagues from other section can be source of considerable unhappiness; women, in particular, may suffer from male patronage or sexual harassment.” (Davidson & Cooper,1983)4. There are many people appointed that it is stressful to deal with their own staff e.g. it is hardly to distribute workload or salary in a family business. Supplier, customer and other outside people, they can be a source of stress especially when dealing customer compliant.
In the home life, everybody are work for their family, lover or themselves, thus they possibility faced the responsible of family illness, care of elder parents, unhappy marriage even debt problem are the domestic situation that can overflow into the workplace and affect an individual’s performance and attitude. Secondly, an individual with a rich social life may find a clash with his social life, especially if their working in a unsocial hours.
(G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.217)
Personal factors are a key factor of an individual perception but it affected to phenomenon of the colleagues the most. People who are adaptable individuals are more flexile to stress than those who are inflexible. Motivation is another element where a person is concentrate to commit his/her work they are more likely to cope with stressful situation. (G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.217)

Essentially, the strategies individuals are about the psychology of the person. For example, it involves examining cause and effect or thinking about what has changed in their life recently. (Butler and Hope 1995). Encourage them try to accept their situation also to take a positive point of view. Moreover, cognitive avoidance, tell individual to denying the problem, for example, forgetting it exists. Secondly, problem-focused strategies, it encourage individual to tackle the problems which caused their stress. Thirdly, emotions focus, like try to avoid paying attention to them. (Principles of organizational behaviour, 4th ed, P. 78-81)Organization strategies are taking an essential role of an organization to handling stress. It is because when an organization’s employees suffer from stress, are likely forms as lower productivity and missed targets; increased accident and error rates; increased number of internal conflicts; excessive staff turnover. Thus, stress affect a individuals worker in a small demand, but it will lead to a big affection as if it happened on every worker. There are some stress avoidance by organization, we will focus on job characteristics e.g. Design jobs and work to permit use of skill and discretion. Work relationship, e.g. superior can develop participative management styles, only exercise authority when appropriate, encourage a cooperative spirit with workmates. Organization structure, e.g. hierarchy of jobs can make a wide use of skill, discretion and authority; attitudes towards employees are positive; carry out employees are regarded as the organization’s best asset to meeting the want.(G A Cole, Organizational Behavior P.221-224)

To conclude, organization can be a stressful place due to the complex nature of organization. Stressful management is an essential management skill to deal with different problem which occur between workers to superior, individual to organization. Stress of an organization occur from external environment like economic, technology and political, also from internal environment of an organization like organization structure, communication system, work relationship etc. More recently, managers have had to cope with a much more uncertain environment. We can see that the responsibility for stress management should be taken by individual and organization; they are carrying different circumstances of their own position. A good stress management is depends on the cooperation of the individual and organization, that‘s how an organization composed.

Bibliography:

(http://www.managementhelp.org/org_thry/org_defn.htm)

http://stress.about.com/od/otherconditions/f/infertility.htm

G A Cole(1995) Organizational Behaviour Theory and Practice, Thomson

Robin,F & Peter, R (2005) Principles of Organizational Behaviour,
4th edition,

Martin,J(1992) Culture in organization :three perspectives .Oxford : Oxford University express.
Return to 123HelpMe.com