Organic Farming Vs. Organic Foods

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In recent past, there has been a general tendency amongst the wider public fabric that favors purchasing and consuming organic foods. There is a discernment that organic food is healthier for people and the farming practices used in the process of producing the foodstuff are more ecologically friendly. Nevertheless there are both advantages as well as shortcomings in terms of generating organic foods. Organic Farming can be defined as the food production system that avoids or essentially excludes the use of synthetically compounded manures, pesticides; growth regulators as well as livestock feed additives. To the maximum degree practicable organic farming systems rely on crop rotation, crop residue, animal manure, legumes, green manures, off- farm organic trash and aspects of biological pest control supplements and pest weeds among others. Ştefănescu et al. write, “In crop production, soil fertility and biological activity should be maintained by the use of a diverse crop rotation scheme, leguminous plants and green manure or other types of organic fertilization. In orchard and vineyards, biological control methods are used for the protection of these crops against diseases and pests. Moreover, organic farming requires more labor, i.e. for sowing, supervising, weed control etc., and affords higher costs for alternative inputs to substitute for limited and/or prohibited inputs” (149). Organic farming methods are broadly utilized in underdeveloped and developing nations, principally because of economics and a lack of chemicals. Nevertheless, they are becoming more extensively recognized in developed nations as a response or factory conditions. One of the main advantages of organic farming is their sustainability over the long term p... ... middle of paper ... ...agement practices utilized by organic farming such as minimum cultivation, returning crop remains to the soil, the usage of cover crops and cycles, and the greater combination of nitrogen-fixing legumes, upsurge the return of carbon to the soil, increasing productivity and favoring carbon retention. Studies have demonstrated that soil organic carbon content under organic agriculture is significantly high. Ştefănescu et al. argue, “Because organic farming systems convey recognized environmental benefits, farmers who practice organic farming should benefit from the "greening" component without needing to fulfill any further obligation”. The more organic carbon is reserved in the soil, the more the extenuation potential of farming against climate change is higher. Nevertheless, there is much study needed in this area to ascertain the extent of this concept of farming.

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