Organ Transplantation Should Be Permitted Essay

Organ Transplantation Should Be Permitted Essay

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First argument we will analyze is whether or not organ transplantation should be permitted is an argument by Kishore D. Phadke and Urmila Anandh “Refuse to Support the Illegal Organ Trade.” Kishore and Urmila observe that, even though organ sales are prohibited in all countries, society has shifted towards organ transplantation that could be bought instead. In developing countries such as India, laws against organ transplant are not enforced and have popular support towards the practice. The authors call for medical profession to refuse to help and be part of this “unscrupulous trade, they also state reasons behind such practice which includes exploiting the poor, discourages altruistic giving, commercializes the body, and undercuts human dignity.
It is argued that altruism fails to supply enough organs, resulting in many patients waiting for kidneys. By giving a financial inducement to a person which has a price that is hard to difficult to fix creates a conflict between altruism and self-interest, which also reduces freedom to make a gift. It puts organ sale in the same category of paid human body transaction as prostitution and slavery. The issue with organ transaction has been highlighted in Iran, “it has been shown that in almost all instances, the donor-recipient relationship becomes pathological. Fifty-one percent of donors hated the recipients and 82% were unsatisfied with their behavior (658).” Authors also argue about the role medical profession, “Medical profession compromises its deontological commitments by adopting a mainly utilitarian ethic (maximizing the good for the largest number (658).” They also argue that medical profession has a moral obligation to use its influence to change the cultural behavior of socie...


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...ong argument “If we can save or prolong the lives of living people and can only do so at the expense of the sensibilities of other, it seems clear to me that we should.”
Touching on logical fallacies, Kishore and Urmila argue about few instances about rich being only being able to afford to buy kidneys will derive benefits, thus violating principle law of justice. They also believe organ donation will be practiced with a neglect of beliefs, sentiments and emotions. In Aaron and Charles article, under conscription it would satisfy ethical principle of distributive justice, which would result in fair and equitable distribution of benefits and burdens. All people would share the burden of providing organs after death and all would stand to benefit from this. Both articles present their information in fair fashion, which I believe they are committing logical fallacies.

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